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Very long-range attractive and repulsive forces in model colloidal dispersions

  • Alfredo González-Calderón
  • Enrique González-Tovar
  • Marcelo Lozada-CassouEmail author
Regular Article
  • 27 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Non-equilibrium Dynamics: Quantum Systems and Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Abstract

Experiments with polymer latex solutions show the coexistence of order-disorder structures of macroions. Because of the large macroions’ sizes, this order–disorder phase coexistence imply the existence of very long-range attractive and repulsive forces, which cannot be explained in terms of conventional direct interaction potentials, which are short-range. Here, we apply an integral equations theory to a simple model for colloidal dispersions, at finite concentrations, calculate the particles distribution functions and the involved effective forces. We find very long-range attractive and repulsive forces among the like-charged macroions. The distribution functions are in qualitative agreement with experimental results. The origin of these forces are discussed in terms of an energy–entropy balance.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo González-Calderón
    • 1
  • Enrique González-Tovar
    • 2
  • Marcelo Lozada-Cassou
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto de Energías Renovables, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (U.N.A.M.)Temixco, Mor.Mexico
  2. 2.Instituto de Física, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis Potosí, S.L.P.Mexico

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