The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 226, Issue 12, pp 2815–2827 | Cite as

Exploring quantum phase slips in 1D bosonic systems

Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Quantum Gases and Quantum Coherence

Abstract

Quantum phase slips, i.e., the primary excitations in one-dimensional superfluids at low temperature, have been well characterized in most condensed-matter systems, with the notable exception of ultracold quantum gases. Here we present our experimental investigation of the dissipation in one-dimensional Bose superfluids flowing along a periodic potential, which show signatures of the presence of quantum phase slips. In particular, by controlling the velocity of the superfluid and the interaction between the bosons we are apparently able to drive a crossover from a regime of thermal phase slips into a regime of quantum phase slips. Achieving a good control of quantum phase slips in ultracold quantum gases requires to keep under control other phenomena such as the breaking of superfluidity at the critical velocity or the appearance of a Mott insulator in the strongly correlated regime. Here we show our current results in these directions.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    N. Giordano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2137 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Bezryadin, C.N. Lau, M. Thinkham, Nature 404, 971 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.N. Lau, N. Markovic, M. Bockrath, A. Bezryadin, M. Tinkham, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 217003 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Altomare, A.M. Chang, M.R. Melloch, Y. Hong, C.W. Tu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 017001 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Sahu, M.H. Bae, A. Rogachev, D. Pekker, T.C. Wei, N. Shah, P.M. Goldbart, A. Bezryadin, Nature Phys. 5, 503 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. Chen, Y.H. Lin, S.D. Snyder, A.M. Goldman, A. Kamenev, Nature Phys. 10, 567 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Bezryadin, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20, 043202 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    I.M. Pop, I. Protopopov, F. Lecocq, Z. Peng, B. Pannetier, O. Buisson, W. Guichard, Nature Phys. 6, 589 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.E. Mooij, C.J.P.M. Harmans, New J. Phys. 7, 219 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Belkin, M. Belkin, V. Vakaryuk, S. Khlebnikov, A. Bezryadin, Phys. Rev. X 5, 021023 (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Danshita, A. Polkovnikov, Phys. Rev. A 85, 023638 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Roscilde, M.F. Faulkner, S.T. Bramwell, P.C.W. Holdsworth, New J. Phys. 18, 075003 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.D. Fertig, K.M. O’Hara, J.H. Huckans, S.L. Rolston, W.D. Phillips, J.V. Porto, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 120403 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Mun, P. Medley, G.K. Campbell, L.G. Marcassa, D.E. Pritchard, W. Ketterle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 150604 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. McKay, M. White, M. Pasienski, B. DeMarco, Nature 453, 76 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Tanzi, E. Lucioni, S. Chaudhuri, L. Gori, A. Kumar, C. D’Errico, M. Inguscio, G. Modugno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 115301 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. Tanzi, S. Scaffidi Abbate, F. Cataldini, L. Gori, E. Lucioni, M. Inguscio, G. Modugno, C. D’Errico, Sci. Rep. 6, 25965 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    I. Danshita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 025303 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Kunimi, I. Danshita, ArXiv:161008982
  20. 20.
    L.D. Landau, V.L. Ginzburg, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 20, 1064 (1950)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    W.A. Little, Phys. Rev. 156, 396 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.S. Langer, V. Ambegaokar, Phys. Rev. 164, 498 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. McCumber, B. Halperin, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1054 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    K.Yu. Arutyunov, D.S. Golubev, A.D. Zaikin, Phys. Rep. 464, 1 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Khlebnikov, L.P. Pryadko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 107007 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H.P. Büchler, V.B. Geshkenbein, G. Blatter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 100403 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. Mott, Proc. Roy. Soc. A: Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 62, 416 (1949)ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. Mott, Metal-Insulator Transitions (Taylor & Francis, London, 1990)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    F.D.M. Haldane, J. Phys. Lett. A 80, 281 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    F.D.M. Haldane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1840 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    T. Giamarchi, Physica B 230, 975 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Giamarchi, Quantum Physics in One Dimension (Carendon Press, Oxford, 2004)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Smerzi, A. Trombettoni, P.G. Kevrekidis, A.R. Bishop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 170402 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    B. Wu, Q. Niu, Phys. Rev. A 64, 061603 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    L. Fallani, L. De Sarlo, J.E. Lye, M. Modugno, R. Saers, C. Fort, M. Inguscio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 140406 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    G. Roati, M. Zaccanti, C. D’Errico, J. Catani, M. Modugno, A. Simoni, M. Inguscio, G. Modugno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 010403 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. D’Errico, E. Lucioni, L. Tanzi, L. Gori, G. Roux, I.P. McCulloch, T. Giamarchi, M. Inguscio, G. Modugno, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 095301 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    V. Dunjko, V. Lorent, M. Olshanii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5413 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    G. Boéris, L. Gori, M.D. Hoogerland, A. Kumar, E. Lucioni, L. Tanzi, M. Inguscio, T. Giamarchi, C. D’Errico, G. Carleo, G. Modugno, L. Sanchez-Palenchia, Phys. Rev. A 93, 011601(R) (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    S. Richard, F. Gerbier, J.H. Thywissen, M. Hugbart, P. Bouyer, A. Aspect, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 010405 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    F. Gerbier, Ann. Phys. Fr. 29 1 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    A. Polkovnikov, E. Altman, E. Demler, B. Halperin, M.D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. A 71, 063613 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    M. Greiner, O. Mandel, T. Esslinger, T.W. Hänsch, I. Bloch, Nature 415, 39 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    E. Haller, R. Hart, M.J. Mark, J.G. Danzl, L. Reichsöner, M. Gustavsson, M. Dalmonte, G. Pupillo, H.C. Nägerl, Nature 466, 597 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simona Scaffidi Abbate
    • 1
  • Lorenzo Gori
    • 1
  • Massimo Inguscio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Giovanni Modugno
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chiara D’Errico
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di FirenzeSesto FiorentinoItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, CNRSesto FiorentinoItaly

Personalised recommendations