The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 226, Issue 12, pp 2815–2827

Exploring quantum phase slips in 1D bosonic systems

Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Quantum Gases and Quantum Coherence


Quantum phase slips, i.e., the primary excitations in one-dimensional superfluids at low temperature, have been well characterized in most condensed-matter systems, with the notable exception of ultracold quantum gases. Here we present our experimental investigation of the dissipation in one-dimensional Bose superfluids flowing along a periodic potential, which show signatures of the presence of quantum phase slips. In particular, by controlling the velocity of the superfluid and the interaction between the bosons we are apparently able to drive a crossover from a regime of thermal phase slips into a regime of quantum phase slips. Achieving a good control of quantum phase slips in ultracold quantum gases requires to keep under control other phenomena such as the breaking of superfluidity at the critical velocity or the appearance of a Mott insulator in the strongly correlated regime. Here we show our current results in these directions.


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simona Scaffidi Abbate
    • 1
  • Lorenzo Gori
    • 1
  • Massimo Inguscio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Giovanni Modugno
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chiara D’Errico
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di FirenzeSesto FiorentinoItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, CNRSesto FiorentinoItaly

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