The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 226, Issue 5, pp 977–992 | Cite as

Kinetic modeling, equilibrium isotherm and thermodynamic studies on a batch adsorption of anionic dye onto eco-friendly dried Carpobrotus edulis plant

  • R. Aziam
  • M. ChibanEmail author
  • H. Eddaoudi
  • A. Soudani
  • M. Zerbet
  • F. SinanEmail author
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Phase Equilibria and Their Applications


In the present study, a low-cost bio-adsorbent is developed from the naturally and abundantly available dried Mediterranean plant which is biodegradable. The bio-adsorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and point of zero charge (PZC). A study on the adsorption kinetics and isotherms was performed applying the optimized conditions. The equilibrium data for the adsorption of acid blue 113 on dried plant is tested with various adsorption isotherm models such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich equation. The Langmuir isotherm model is found to be the most suitable one for the acid blue 113 (AB113) adsorption using dried C. edulis plant and the theoretical maximum adsorption capacity obtained with the application of Langmuir isotherm model is 8.2 mg.g−1 at room temperature. The adsorption process follows the second-order kinetics and the corresponding rate constants are obtained. The thermodynamic parameters suggest that the adsorption process is spontaneous and exothermic nature. It can be concluded that the dried C. edulis adsorbent studied has good perspective to be used as adsorbent material in anionic dyes removal from industry effluents.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Chiban, Ph.D. thesis, University Ibn Zohr, Faculty of Science, Morocco, 2007Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.P.F. Melo, E.L. Barros Neto, M.C.P.A. Moura, T.N. Castro Dantas, A.A. Dantas Neto, H.N.M. Oliveira, Sep. Purif. Technol. 138, 71 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T.T. Ma, P.R. Chang, P.W. Zheng, F. Zhao, X.F. Ma, Chem. Eng. J. 240, 595 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.R. Patil, V.S. Shrivastava, J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 6, 11 (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Ghaedi, H. Khajehsharifi, A. Hemmati Yadkuri, M. Roosta, A. Asghari, Toxicol. Environ. Chem. 94, 873 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S.T. Ong, P.S. Keng, W.N. Lee, S.T. Ha, Y.T. Hung, Water 3, 157 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Kharub, J. Environ. Res. Develop. 6, 379 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S.O. Azeez, F.A. Adekola, Jordan J. Chem. 11, 128 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.X. Zhu, Y.P. Li, M. Xie, H.Z. Xin, J. Hazard. Mater. B120, 163 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.M. Dávila-Jiménez, M.P. Elizalde-González, V. Hernández-Montoya, J. Biores. Technol. 100, 6199 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Arami, N.Y. Limaee, N.M. Mahmoodi, N.S. Tabrizi, J. Hazard. Mater. 135, 171 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W.T. Tsai, C.Y. Chang, M.C. Lin, S.F. Chien, H.F. Sun, M.F. Hsieh, Chemosphere 45, 51 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Valix, W.H. Cheung, G. McKay, Chemosphere 56, 493 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    E.L.K. Mui, W.H. Cheung, M. Valix, G. McKay, J. Hazard. Mater. 177, 1001 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.E. Ofomaja, Y.S. Ho, Dyes Pigments 74, 60 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Madrakian, A. Afkhami, M. Ahmadi, Spectrochim. Acta A 99, 102 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Balarak, Y. Mahdavi, S. Sadeghi, Sci. J. Env. Sci. 4, 102 (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Balarak, Y. Mahdavi, F. Ghorzin, S. Sadeghi, Sci. J. Environ. Sci. 4, 152 (2016)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. Hoseinzadeh, M.R. Samarghandi, G. McKay, N. Rahimi, J. Jafari, Desalin. Water Treat. 52, 4999 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.K. Jain, V.K. Gupta, A. Bhatnagar, Suhas, J. Hazard. Mater. B 101, 31 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B.H. Hameed, H. Hakimi, J. Chem. Eng. 137, 529 (2008)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V.K. Gupta, B. Gupta, A. Rastogi, S. Agarwal, A. Nayak, J. Hazard. Mater. 186, 891 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. Shokohi, S.J. Jafari, M. Siboni, N. Gamar, S. Saidi, Scientific J. Kurdistan Univ. Med. Sci. 16, 55 (2011)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M.A.M. Salleh, D.K. Mahmoud, W.A.W. Abdul Karim, A. Idris, Desalination 280, 1 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M.A. Zazouli, J. Yazdani, D. Balarak, M. Ebrahimi, Y. Mahdavi, J. Mazandaran. Univ. Med. Sci. 23, 73 (2013)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Shirzad-Siboni, S.J. Jafari, O. Giahi, I. Kim, S.M. Lee, J.K. Yang, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 20, 1432 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Valliammai, K.S. Nagaraja, B. Jeyaraj, Int. J. ChemTech Res. 8, 329 (2015)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    F. Abidar, M. Morghi, A. Ait Ichou, A. Soudani, M. Chiban, F. Sinan, M. Zerbet, Desalin. Water Treat. 57, 14739 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    H. Benhima, M. Chiban, F. Sinan, P. Seta, M. Persin, Colloids Surf. B 61, 10 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. Chiban, Élaboration et Évaluation d’un Nouveau Procédé d’Épuration des Eaux: Application à des solutions modèles et d’eaux usées domestiques et industrielles de la région d’Agadir (Editions Universitaires Européennes, 2011)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. Aziam, M. Chiban, E. Eddaoudi, A. Soudani, M. Zerbet, F. Sinan, Arab. J. Geosci. 9, 659 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Chiban, A. Amzeghal, H. Benhima, F. Sinan, S. Tahrouch, P. Seta, Rev. Biol. Biotechnol 6, 40 (2007)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    M. Chiban, A. Soudani, F. Sinan, M. Persin, CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water 39, 376 (2011)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Lagergren, Handlingar 24, 1 (1898)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y.S. Ho, G. Mckay, Trans. IChemE. 6, 183 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    C. Namasivayam, M.V. Sureshkumar, Bioresour. Technol. 99, 2218 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    W.J. Weber, J.C. Morris, J. Sanit. Eng. Div. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. 89, 31 (1963)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    A.S. Ozcan, S. Tetik, A. Ozcan, Sep. Sci. Technol. 39, 301 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    A. Ozcan, E.M. Oncu, A.S. Ozcan, Colloids Surfaces A 277, 90 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Ozcan, A.S. Ozcan, J. Hazard. Mater. 125, 252 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. Balarak, F.K. Mostafapour, H Azarpira, J. Sci. Eng. Res. 3, 85 (2016)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    M. Farahani, A. Behbahaninia, J. Bio. Environ. Sci. 5, 274 (2014)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    K. Li, X. Wang, Bioresour. Technol. 100, 2810 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    I. Langmuir, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 38, 2221 (1916)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    H. Freundlich, Phys. Chem. Soc. 40, 1361 (1906)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    M.I. Temkin, J. Phys. Chem. (USSR) 15, 296 (1941)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Y.S. Ho, J.F. Porter, G. Mckay, Water Air Soil Pollut. 141, 1 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    M.M. Dubinin, L.V. Radushkevich, Chem. Zentr. 1, 875 (1947)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    M.M. Dubinin, Zh. Fiz. Khim. 39, 1305 (1965)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    F. Helfferich, Ion Exchange (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1962)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Labo. LACAPE, Faculty of Science, Ibn Zohr University, Hay DakhlaAgadirMorocco

Personalised recommendations