The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 226, Issue 5, pp 1075–1089 | Cite as

Thermodynamic description of the Holmium-Germanium binary system

  • Saïd KardellassEmail author
  • Colette ServantEmail author
  • Najim Selhaoui
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Phase Equilibria and Their Applications


The Holmium-Germanium system was thermodynamically assessed by the CALPHAD technique based on the available experimental data including the thermodynamic properties and phase equilibria. The solution phases, i.e. liquid, hcp_A3 (Ho), and diamond_A4 (Ge), were described by the substitutional solution model with the Redlich-Kister equation, and all the intermetallic compounds HoGe1.7 (_LT and _HT), HoGe1.8, HoGe2.7, Ho11Ge10, Ho3+Ge4, Ho5Ge4, HoGe, and HoGe1.5 (_LT and _HT) in the Holmium-Germanium system were treated as stoichiometric phases. The compound with a homogeneity range Ho5Ge3, is modeled using two sublattices as (Ho,Ge)0.375(Ho,Ge)0.625. A set of self-consistent thermodynamic parameters for the Holmium-Germanium system was finally obtained. The calculated phase diagram and thermodynamic properties agree reasonably with the literature experimental data.


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© EDP Sciences and Springer 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Thermodynamique et Énergétique, LTE, Université Ibn-ZohrAgadirMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Physicochimie de l’État Solide, ICMMO, Université Paris-SudOrsay CedexFrance

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