The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 225, Issue 3, pp 583–593

Long-term impacts of battery electric vehicles on the German electricity system

Regular Article

DOI: 10.1140/epjst/e2015-50115-x

Cite this article as:
Heinrichs, H. & Jochem, P. Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. (2016) 225: 583. doi:10.1140/epjst/e2015-50115-x
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Health, Energy & Extreme Events in a Changing Climate


The emerging market for electric vehicles gives rise to an additional electricity demand. This new electricity demand will affect the electricity system. For quantifying those impacts a model-based approach, which covers long-term time horizons is necessary in order to consider the long lasting investment paths in electricity systems and the market development of electric mobility. Therefore, we apply a bottom-up electricity system model showing a detailed spatial resolution for different development paths of electric mobility in Germany until 2030. This model is based on a linear optimization which minimizes the discounted costs of the electricity system. We observe an increase of electricity exchange between countries and electricity generated by renewable energy sources. One major result turns out to be that electric vehicles can be integrated in the electricity system without increasing the system costs when a controlled (postponing) charging strategy for electric vehicles is applied. The impact on the power plant portfolio is insignificant. Another important side effect of electric vehicles is their substantial contribution to decreasing CO2 emissions of the German transport sector. Hence, electric mobility might be an integral part of a sustainable energy system of tomorrow.

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institute for Energy and Climate Research – System Analysis and Technology Evaluation (IEK-STE)JülichGermany
  2. 2.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Industrial Production (IIP)KarlsruheGermany

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