The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 224, Issue 14–15, pp 3005–3021 | Cite as

Synergistic use of smart materials for vibration-based energy harvesting

  • L.L. Silva
  • S.A. Oliveira
  • P.M.C.L. Pacheco
  • M.A. Savi
Regular Article Prospective Materials and Structures for Energy Harvesting
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Nonlinear and Multiscale Dynamics of Smart Materials in Energy Harvesting


Vibration-based energy harvesting is an approach where available mechanical vibration energy is converted into electrical energy that can be employed for different purposes. This paper deals with the synergistic use of smart materials for energy harvesting purposes. In essence, piezoelectric and shape memory alloys are combined to build an energy harvesting system. The combined effect of these materials can increase the system performance and reduce some limitations. The possibility to control the mechanical stiffness under vibration by a shape memory alloy (SMA) element can provide the ability to tune resonant frequencies in order to increase the output power. The analysis is developed considering a one-degree of freedom mechanical system where the restitution force is provided by an SMA element. The electro-mechanical coupling is provided by a piezoelectric element. Linear piezoelectric constitutive equation is employed together with the Brinson’s model for SMA element. Numerical simulations are carried out showing different responses of the system indicating that the inclusion of the SMA element can be used to extend the operational range of the system.


Martensite Shape Memory Alloy European Physical Journal Special Topic Energy Harvesting Smart Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • L.L. Silva
    • 1
  • S.A. Oliveira
    • 1
  • P.M.C.L. Pacheco
    • 1
  • M.A. Savi
    • 2
  1. 1.CEFET/RJ, Department of Mechanical EngineeringRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, COPPE, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Center for Nonlinear MechanicsRio de JaneiroBrazil

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