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The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 224, Issue 9, pp 1945–1962 | Cite as

Nanoporous clay with carbon sink and pesticide trapping properties

  • T. Woignier
  • L. Duffours
  • P. Colombel
  • P. Dieudonné
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Advances in Design and Modeling of Porous Materials

Abstract

A thorough understanding of the mechanisms and factors involved in the dynamics of organic carbon in soils is required to identify and enhance natural sinks for greenhouse gases. Some tropical soils, such as Andosols, have 3–6 fold higher concentrations of organic carbon than other kinds of soils containing classical clays. In the tropics, toxic pesticides permanently pollute soils and contaminate crops, water resources, and ecosystems. However, not all soils are equal in terms of pesticide contamination or in their ability to transfer pollution to the ecosystem. Andosols are generally more polluted than the other kinds of soils but, surprisingly, they retain and trap more pesticides, thereby reducing the transfer of pesticides to ecosystems, water resources, and crops. Andosols thus have interesting environmental properties in terms of soil carbon sequestration and pesticide retention. Andosols contain a nano porous clay (allophane) with unique structures and physical properties compared to more common clays; these are large pore volume, specific surface area, and a tortuous and fractal porous arrangement. The purpose of this mini review is to discuss the importance of the allophane fractal microstructure for carbon sequestration and pesticide trapping in the soil. We suggest that the tortuous microstructure (which resembles a labyrinths) of allophane aggregates and the associated low accessibility partly explain the poor availability of soil organic matter and of any pesticides trapped in andosols.

Keywords

Carbon Sequestration European Physical Journal Special Topic Volcanic Soil Allophane Chlordecone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Woignier
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Duffours
    • 3
  • P. Colombel
    • 3
  • P. Dieudonné
    • 4
  1. 1.Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d’Ecologie marine et continentale (IMBE), UMR CNRS 7263, Aix Marseille UniversitéMarseille Cedex 03France
  2. 2.Campus Agro Environnemental Caraïbes -IMBE- UMR IRD 237Le LamentinMartinique
  3. 3.PRIME VerreMontpellierFrance
  4. 4.Laboratoire Charles Coulomb UMR 5221 CNRS-UM2, Université Montpellier 2Montpellier Cedex 5France

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