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The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 223, Issue 11, pp 2353–2367 | Cite as

Crackling noise in plasticity

  • Mikko J. Alava
  • Lasse Laurson
  • Stefano Zapperi
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Dynamic Systems: From Statistical Mechanics to Engineering Applications

Abstract

Plastic deformation is a paradigmatic problem of multiscale materials modelling with relevant processes ranging from the atomistic scale up to macroscopic scales where deformation is treated by continuum mechanics. Recent experiments, investigating deformation fluctuations under conditions where plastic deformation was expected to occur in a smooth and stable manner, demonstrate that deformation is spatially heterogeneous and temporally intermittent, not only on atomic scales, where spatial heterogeneity is expected, but also on mesoscopic scales where plastic fluctuations involve collective events of widely different amplitudes. Evidence for crackling noise in plastic deformation comes from acoustic emission measurements and from deformation of micron-scale samples both in crystalline and amorphous materials. Here we provide a detailed account of our current understanding of crackling noise in crystal and amorphous plasticity stemming from experiments, computational models and scaling theories. We focus our attention on the scaling properties of plastic strain bursts and their interpretation in terms of non-equilibrium critical phenomena.

Keywords

Acoustic Emission European Physical Journal Special Topic Crystal Plasticity Avalanche Size Strain Burst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikko J. Alava
    • 1
  • Lasse Laurson
    • 1
  • Stefano Zapperi
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.COMP Centre of Excellence, Department of Applied Physics, Aalto UniversityAalto, EspooFinland
  2. 2.CNR – Consiglio Nazionale delle RicercheMilanoItaly
  3. 3.ISI FoundationTorinoItaly

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