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The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 223, Issue 9, pp 1883–1893 | Cite as

Cation exchange dynamics confined in a synthetic clay mineral

  • G. Grassi
  • L. Michels
  • Z. Rozynek
  • M. A. S. Altoé
  • E. C. dos Santos
  • C. L. S. da Fonseca
  • R. DroppaJr.
  • A. Gholamipour-Shirazi
  • J. O. Fossum
  • G. J. da Silva
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Soft Matter in Confinement: Systems from Biology to Physics

Abstract

In this work we report X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) measurements to investigate the confined cation exchange process in saline aqueous suspensions of a synthetic clay mineral from Lithium-Fluorohectorite to Nickel-Fluorohectorite, as well as the reverse process from Nickel-Fluorohectorite to Lithium-Fluorohectorite and also from Lithium-Fluorohectorite to Sodium-Fluorohectorite. The dynamics of these cation exchanges was followed and it was observed that these processes can be faster than 1 minute. The results are compared to the observations on samples prepared by cation exchange procedures for which the exchange process was performed on the time-scale of months.

Keywords

Clay Mineral Cation Exchange European Physical Journal Special Topic Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy Small Angle XRay Scattering 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Grassi
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Michels
    • 2
  • Z. Rozynek
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. A. S. Altoé
    • 1
  • E. C. dos Santos
    • 2
  • C. L. S. da Fonseca
    • 1
  • R. DroppaJr.
    • 4
  • A. Gholamipour-Shirazi
    • 5
    • 6
  • J. O. Fossum
    • 2
  • G. J. da Silva
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de FísicaUniversidade de BrasíliaBrasília - DFBrazil
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.Institute of Physical ChemistryPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  4. 4.Universidade Federal do ABCSanto André – SPBrazil
  5. 5.Laboratório de Microhidrodinâmica e Escoamento em Meios Porosos, Department of Mechanical EngineeringPontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro – RJBrazil
  6. 6.Centro de Componentes SemicondutoresUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinas – SPBrazil

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