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The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 222, Issue 11, pp 3053–3069 | Cite as

Phase behaviour of lyotropic liquid crystals in external fields and confinement

  • A. B. G. M. Leferink op Reinink
  • E. van den Pol
  • A. V. Petukhov
  • G. J. Vroege
  • H. N. W. Lekkerkerker
Review Confining Geometries

Abstract

This mini-review discusses the influence of external fields on the phase behaviour of lyotropic colloidal liquid crystals. The liquid crystal phases reviewed, formed in suspensions of highly anisotropic particles ranging from rod- to board- to plate-like particles, include nematic, smectic and columnar phases. The external fields considered are the earth gravitational field and electric and magnetic fields. For electric and magnetic fields single particle alignment, collective reorientation behaviour of ordered phases and field-induced liquid crystal phase transitions are discussed. Additionally, liquid crystal phase behaviour in various confining geometries, e.g. slit-pore, circular and spherical confinement will be reviewed.

Keywords

Liquid Crystal Goethite European Physical Journal Special Topic Nematic Liquid Crystal Gibbsite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. G. M. Leferink op Reinink
    • 1
  • E. van den Pol
    • 1
  • A. V. Petukhov
    • 1
  • G. J. Vroege
    • 1
  • H. N. W. Lekkerkerker
    • 1
  1. 1.Van ’t Hoff Laboratory for Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials ScienceUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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