The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 222, Issue 7, pp 1699–1705 | Cite as

A comparison between nonlinear cantilever and buckled beam for energy harvesting

  • H. VoccaEmail author
  • F. Cottone
  • I. Neri
  • L. Gammaitoni
Regular Article


Nonlinear dynamics has become one of the key aspect to improve the efficiency of kinetic energy harvesters working in the real environment. Different methods based on the exploitation of the dynamical features of stochastic nonlinear oscillators using bi-stable piezoelectric cantilevers or buckled beams have been proposed in the past years. Such methods are shown to outperform standard linear oscillators and to overcome some of the most severe limitations of present approaches once applied to ambient vibrations. This work presents simulation results comparing the two methods. The same piezoelectric element subjected to a fixed vibrating body in a cantilever or bridge configuration has been simulated. The kinetic excitation considered is a zero mean exponentially correlated gaussian noise with different amplitudes. The piezoelectric oscillator output response has been obtained as a function of a nonlinear parameter. This work is intended to help designing the most performing energy harvester for real world applications starting from the same piezoelectric element.


Wireless Sensor Network European Physical Journal Special Topic Piezoelectric Element Ambient Vibration Noise Standard Deviation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Bilbao, D. Hoover, J. Rice, J. Chapman, Proc. SPIE 7981, 798109 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.S. Raghavendra, K.M. Sivalingam, T. Znati, Wireless Sensor Networks (Springer, 2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.D. Mitcheson, E.M. Yeatman, G.K. Rao, A.S. Holmes, T.C. Green, Proc. IEEE 96, 1457 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Cottone, H. Vocca, L. Gammaitoni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 80601 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. Gammaitoni, I. Neri, H. Vocca, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 164102 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Roundy, P.K. Wright, J.M. Rabay, Energy Scavenging For Wireless Sensor Networks with special focus on Vibrations (Kluwer Academic Publisher, 2004)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. Cottone, L. Gammaitoni, H. Vocca, M. Ferrari, V. Ferrari, Smart Materials Struct. 21, 035021 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.I. Friswell, S.F. Ali, O. Bilgen, S. Adhikari, A. Lees, G. Litak, J. Intell. Material Syst. Struct. 23, 1505 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. Litak, M.I. Friswell, S. Adhikari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. Khovanova, et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 144101 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M.F Daqaq, J. Sound Vibr. 330, 2554 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Masana, M.F. Daqaq, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 044501 (2012)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.C. Stanton, C.C. McGehee, B.P. Mann, Physica D-Nonlinear Phenom. 239, 640 (2010)CrossRefzbMATHADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Ramlan, M.J. Brennan, B.R. Mace, I. Kovacic, Nonlinear Dyn. 59, 545 (2010)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Ferrari, V. Ferrari, M. Guizzetti, B. Ando, S. Baglio, C. Trigona, Sensors Actuators a-Phys. 162, 425 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Vocca, I. Neri, F. Travasso, L. Gammaitoni, Appl. Energy 97, 771 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Erturk, D.J. Inman, J. Sound Vibr. 330, 2339 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.C. Stanton, C.C. McGehee, B.P. Mann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95 (2009)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. Gammaitoni, I. Neri, H. Vocca, Chem. Phys. 375, 435 (2010)ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D.J. Higham, SIAM Rev. Society Industrial Appl. Math. 43, 525 (2001)zbMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Université Paris-Est, ESYCOM, ESIEE ParisNoisy-le-GrandFrance

Personalised recommendations