Post-transient relaxation in graphene after an intense laser pulse
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High intensity laser pulses were recently shown to induce a population inverted transient state in graphene [T. Li, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 167401 (2012)]. Using a combination of hydrodynamic arguments and a kinetic theory we determine the post-transient state relaxation of hot, dense, population inverted electrons towards equilibrium. The cooling rate and charge-imbalance relaxation rate are determined from the Boltzmann-equation including electron-phonon scattering. We show that the relaxation of the population inversion, driven by inter-band scattering processes, is much slower that the relaxation of the electron temperature, which is determined by intra-band scattering processes. This insight may be of relevance for the application of graphene as an optical gain medium.
KeywordsElectron Temperature European Physical Journal Special Topic Optical Phonon Population Inversion Intense Laser Pulse
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- 5.J. Zhang, J. Schmalian, T. Li, J. Wang (preprint)Google Scholar