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The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 222, Issue 5, pp 1017–1034 | Cite as

The effects of electric and magnetic fields on charge density wave solitons: Possible collective quantum behavior

  • J. H. MillerJr.Email author
  • A. I. Wijesinghe
Regular Article Charge Density Waves

Abstract

Aharonov-Bohm oscillations of period h/2e in the charge density wave (CDW) magneto-conductance of TaS3 rings strongly support the hypothesis that CDW electron transport is a cooperative quantum phenomenon. In the picture discussed here, droplets or aggregates of solitons and antisolitons quantum-mechanically nucleate and carry current above a Coulomb blockade threshold for CDW transport. The Schrödinger equation is treated as a “classical” description of emerging order parameters, as in Feynman’s description of Josephson tunneling. However, one key distinction of the proposed CDW model is that both the amplitudes and relative phases of the soliton droplet order parameters can vary with time. This ability to vary both amplitudes and phases of wave-function-like order parameters may prove critical to any viable quantum information processing strategies robust against decoherence.

Keywords

Soliton European Physical Journal Special Topic Coulomb Blockade Soliton Pair Tunneling Matrix Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© EDP Sciences and Springer 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Texas Center for SuperconductivityUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

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