The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 222, Issue 2, pp 525–534 | Cite as

Ordinal pattern statistics for the assessment of heart rate variability

  • G. GraffEmail author
  • B. Graff
  • A. Kaczkowska
  • D. Makowiec
  • J.M. Amigó
  • J. Piskorski
  • K. Narkiewicz
  • P. Guzik
Open Access
Regular Article Applications to Real World Time Series


The recognition of all main features of a healthy heart rhythm (the so-called sinus rhythm) is still one of the biggest challenges in contemporary cardiology. Recently the interesting physiological phenomenon of heart rate asymmetry has been observed. This phenomenon is related to unbalanced contributions of heart rate decelerations and accelerations to heart rate variability. In this paper we apply methods based on the concept of ordinal pattern to the analysis of electrocardiograms (inter-peak intervals) of healthy subjects in the supine position. This way we observe new regularities of the heart rhythm related to the distribution of ordinal patterns of lengths 3 and 4.


Heart Rate Variability European Physical Journal Special Topic Symbolic Dynamics Asymmetry Index Heart Rate Deceleration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Graff
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Graff
    • 2
  • A. Kaczkowska
    • 1
  • D. Makowiec
    • 3
  • J.M. Amigó
    • 4
  • J. Piskorski
    • 5
  • K. Narkiewicz
    • 2
  • P. Guzik
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdańsk University of TechnologyGdańskPoland
  2. 2.Hypertension Unit, Department of Hypertension and Diabetology, Medical University of GdańskGdańskPoland
  3. 3.Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Gdańsk UniversityGdańskPoland
  4. 4.Centro de Investigación Operativa, Universidad Miguel HernándezMiguel HernándezSpain
  5. 5.Institute of Physics, University of Zielona GóraGóraPoland
  6. 6.Department of Cardiology-Intensive TherapyUniversity of Medical Sciences in PoznańPoznańPoland

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