The European Physical Journal Special Topics

, Volume 222, Issue 2, pp 263–273

Permutation entropy: One concept, two approaches

Regular Article Theoretical Aspects I: Concepts, Structural Results and Methods

DOI: 10.1140/epjst/e2013-01840-1

Cite this article as:
Amigó, J. & Keller, K. Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. (2013) 222: 263. doi:10.1140/epjst/e2013-01840-1


Since C. Bandt and B. Pompe introduced permutation entropy in 2002 for piecewise strictly monotonous self-maps of one-dimensional intervals, this concept has been generalized to ever more general settings by means of two similar, though not equivalent, approaches. The first one keeps the original spirit in that it uses “sharp” dynamics and the corresponding ordinal partitions. The second uses symbolic (or “coarse-grained” dynamics with respect to arbitrary finite partitions, as in the conventional approach to the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy of dynamical systems. Precisely, one of the main questions along these two avenues refers to the relation between permutation entropy and Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy. In this paper the authors will explain the underpinnings of both approaches and the latest theoretical results on permutation entropy. The authors also discuss some remaining open questions.

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Investigación Operativa, Universidad Miguel HernándezElcheSpain
  2. 2.Institut für Mathematik, Universität zu LübeckLübeckGermany

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