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Application of X-ray radioscopic methods for characterization of two-phase phenomena and solidification processes in metallic melts

  • Natalia Shevchenko
  • Stefan Boden
  • Sven Eckert
  • Dmitry Borin
  • Michael Heinze
  • Stefan Odenbach
Review

Abstract

X-ray attenuation techniques are an important diagnostic tool for investigating liquid metal two-phase flows or solidification studies in metallic alloys. X-ray visualization enables a general, intuitive understanding of flow phenomena or pattern formation in opaque liquid metal systems. Real-time and in-situ observations of the density distribution within thin solidifying samples achieve a spatial resolution of a few microns and contribute significantly to an improved understanding of dendritic growth processes. Moreover, X-ray radioscopy is a useful tool for a non-invasive, in-situ visualization and characterization of gas bubbles in nontransparent melts or for observations of the formation of metal foams. In this paper we consider three different fields of application which are under intensive investigation at HZDR and TUD: the bottom-up solidification of Ga-In alloys under the influence of buoyancy-driven and electromagnetically driven convection, the injection of Ar gas into liquid GaInSn, the study of Al foams with respect to foam formation and the characterization of their internal structure.

Keywords

Foam Liquid Metal European Physical Journal Special Topic Lorentz Force Mushy Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences and Springer 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Shevchenko
    • 1
  • Stefan Boden
    • 1
  • Sven Eckert
    • 1
  • Dmitry Borin
    • 2
  • Michael Heinze
    • 2
  • Stefan Odenbach
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Fluid DynamicsHelmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR)DresdenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Fluid MechanicsTechnische Universität Dresden (TUD)DresdenGermany

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