The coherent interaction between matter and radiation
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The Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model is a milestone in the theory of coherent interaction between a two-level system and a single bosonic field mode. This tutorial, structured in a pedagogical way, aims to give a detailed description of the model, analyzing the Hamiltonian of the system, its eigenvalues and eigestates, in order to characterize the dynamics of system and subsystems. The Rabi oscillations, together with the collapse and revival effects, are distinguishing features of the JC model and are important for applications in Quantum Information theory. The framework of cavity quantum electrodynamics (cQED) is chosen and two fundamental experiments on the coherent interaction between Rydberg atoms and a single cavity field mode are described.
KeywordsEntangle State European Physical Journal Special Topic Density Operator Rabi Frequency Rydberg Atom
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- 18.M.A. Nielsen, I.L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University Press, 2000)Google Scholar