Optimal quantum estimation of the coupling constant of Jaynes-Cummings interaction
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We address the estimation of the coupling constant of the Jaynes-Cummings Hamiltonian for a coupled qubit-oscillator system. We evaluate the quantum Fisher Information (QFI) for the system undergone the Jaynes-Cummings evolution, considering that the probe initial state is prepared in a Fock state for the oscillator and in a generic pure state for the qubit; we obtain that the QFI is exactly equal to the number of excitations present in the probe state. We then focus on the two subsystems, namely the qubit and the oscillator alone, deriving the two QFIs of the two reduced states, and comparing them with the previous result. Next we focus on possible measurements on the system, and we find out that if population measurement on the qubit and Fock number measurement on the oscillator are performed together, the Cramer-Rao bound is saturated, that is the corresponding Fisher Information (FI) is always equal to the QFI. We compare also the performances of these energy measurements performed alone, that is when one of the two subsystem is ignored. We show that, when the qubit is prepared in either the ground or the excited state, the local measurements are still optimal. Finally we investigate the case when the harmonic oscillator is prepared in a thermal state and observe how, particularly for small values of the coupling constant, the QFI increases with the average number of thermal photons of the initial state.
KeywordsHarmonic Oscillator European Physical Journal Special Topic Fisher Information Qubit State Quantum Fisher Information
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