Correlations between microstructural and magnetic properties of Gd3+-doped spinel ferrite nanoparticles

  • Mritunjoy Prasad Ghosh
  • Suvendu Mandal
  • Samrat MukherjeeEmail author
Regular Article


We report the effect of rare-earth Gd3+ doping in Ni–Zn ferrite nanoparticles with a generic formula Zn0.2Ni0.8GdxFe2–xO4 (x = 0.00, 0.05, 0.10 and 0.15), synthesized using chemical co-precipitation technique. The cubic spinel phase formation and phase purity were confirmed using X-ray diffraction with crystallite size in the range of 16 ± 7 nm obtained from Scherrer’s formula and Williamson–Hall (W–H) plots analysis. The lowering of octahedral cubic symmetry was also observed from Raman spectra with increasing Gd3+ ions content. Increase in Gd3+ ions concentration results in enhancement of A–O–B superexchange magnetic interaction, confirmed by hysteresis curves at 5 K. The room temperature MH plots showed superparamagnetic behavior due to small particle size. The blocking temperature was found to decrease with increase in Gd3+ ions concentration in Ni–Zn ferrite nanoparticles, which makes it a potential candidate for biomedical applications such as targeted drug delivery and hyperthermia.



The authors wish to acknowledge UGC-DAE CSR, Indore, for availing the low-temperature magnetic measurement facilities.

Supplementary material

13360_2020_112_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (334 kb)
Supplementary file1 (PDF 334 kb)


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica (SIF) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNational Institute of Technology PatnaPatnaIndia

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