Effects of water states on the process of underwater electrical wire explosion under micro-second timescale pulsed discharge

  • 23 Accesses


This paper studied the influence of water parameters on the behaviour of an electrical wire explosion. In the experiments, a Cu wire of four sizes was exploded in water medium with different conductivity, hydrostatic pressure, and temperature. Under three typical discharge types, the electrical characteristics, shock wave, and optical emission phenomena were obtained and analysed. It has been found that the ambient medium changed the wire explosion process via adjusting the energy deposition or suppressing the later cavity expansion. Furthermore, wire explosion and its accompanied phenomena could be regulated based on the shunt effect. Finally, the mechanisms of the influence of water medium on a water gap breakdown and wire explosion were compared, and possible applications discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 99

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10


  1. 1.

    P. Lukes, M. Clupek, V. Babicky, P. Sunka, Plasma Source Sci. Tech. 17, 024012 (2008)

  2. 2.

    Y. Tu, Y. Xian, Y. Yang, X. Lu, Y. Pan, Plasma Process Polym. 14, 1600259 (2017)

  3. 3.

    Z. Chen, Y.E. Krasik, S. Cousens, A.T. Ambujakshan, C. Corr, X.J. Dai, J. Appl. Phys. 122, 153303 (2017)

  4. 4.

    Y. Huang, H. Yan, B. Wang, X. Zhang, Z. Liu, K. Yan, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 47, 255204 (2014)

  5. 5.

    Y. Sun, R. Fu, A. Fan, Y. Gao, P. Yan, in 2015 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference (PPC), 1–4 (2015)

  6. 6.

    Y. Liu, Z.Y. Li, X.D. Li, S.W. Liu, G.Y. Zhou, F.C. Lin, Phys. Plasmas 24, 043510 (2017)

  7. 7.

    H.M. Jones, E.E. Kunhardt, I.E.E.E. Trans, Dielectr. Electr. Insul. 1, 1016–1025 (1994)

  8. 8.

    R.P. Joshi, S.M. Thagard, Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 33, 1–15 (2013)

  9. 9.

    V. Stelmashuk, P. Hoffer, I.E.E.E. Trans, Plasma Sci. 40, 1907–1912 (2012)

  10. 10.

    B. Sun, S. Kunitomo, C. Igarashi, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 3814 (2006)

  11. 11.

    X. Lu, Y. Pan, K. Liu, M. Liu, H. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 1493 (2001)

  12. 12.

    Y.E. Krasik, A. Fedotov, D. Sheftman, S. Efimov, A. Sayapin, V. Tz Gurovich, D. Veksler, G. Bazalitski, S. Gleizer, A. Grinenko, V.I. Oreshkin, Plasma Sour. Sci. Tech. 19, 034020 (2010)

  13. 13.

    D. Yanuka, A. Rososhek, S. Theocharous, S.N. Bland, Ya.E. Krasik, M.P. Olbinado, A. Rack, J. Appl. Phys. 124, 153301 (2018)

  14. 14.

    B. Liu, D. Wang, Y. Guo, Phys. Lett. A 382, 49–54 (2018)

  15. 15.

    A.G. Rousskikh, V.I. Oreshkin, AYu. Labetsky, S.A. Chaikovsky, A.V. Shishlov, Tech. Phys. 52, 571–576 (2007)

  16. 16.

    A.E. Ter-Oganesyan, S.I. Tkachenko, V.M. Romanova, A.R. Mingaleev, T.A. Shelkovenko, S.A. Pikuz, Plasma Phys. Rep. 31, 989–996 (2005)

  17. 17.

    D. Yanuka, A. Rososhek, Y.E. Krasik, Phys. Plasmas 24, 053512 (2017)

  18. 18.

    R. Han, J. Wu, A. Qiu, H. Zhou, Y. Wang, W. Ding, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88, 103504 (2017)

  19. 19.

    R.B. Baksht, S.I. Tkachenko, V.M. Romanova, A.R. Mingaleev, V.I. Oreshkin, A.E. Ter-Oganes’yan, T.A. Khattatov, T.A. Shelkovenko, S.A. Pikuz, Tech. Phys. 58, 1129–1137 (2013)

  20. 20.

    R. Han, J. Wu, H. Zhou, W. Ding, A. Qiu, T. Clayson, Y. Wang, H. Ren, J. Appl. Phys. 122, 033302 (2017)

  21. 21.

    Report on Conductivity vs Concentration from Partial Hydrogen Injection, Wentworth Institute of Technology, see

  22. 22.

    Y.E. Krasik, A. Grinenko, A. Sayapin, S. Efimov, A. Fedotov, V.Z. Gurovich, V.I. Oreshkin, I.E.E.E. Trans, Plasma Sci. 36, 423–434 (2008)

  23. 23.

    V.I. Oreshkin, Phys. Plasmas 15, 092103 (2008)

  24. 24.

    A. Grinenko, A. Sayapin, V.T. Gurovich, S. Efimov, J. Felsteiner, Y.E. Krasik, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023303 (2005)

  25. 25.

    A. Rososhek, S. Efimov, V. Gurovich, A. Virozub, S.V. Tewari, Y.E. Krasik, Phys. Plasmas 26, 042302 (2019)

  26. 26.

    A. Sayapin, A. Grinenko, S. Efimov, Y.E. Krasik, Shock Waves 15, 73–80 (2006)

  27. 27.

    K. Horioka, T. Kawamura, M. Nakajima, T. Sasaki, K. Kondo, Y. Yano, T. Ishii, M. Ogawa, Y. Oguri, J. Hasegawa, S. Kawata, T. Kikuchi, K. Takayama, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 577, 298–302 (2007)

  28. 28.

    R.H. Cole, Underwater Explosions (Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 1948), p. 233

  29. 29.

    A. Grinenko, Y.E. Krasik, S. Efimov, A. Fedotov, V. Tz Gurovich, V.I. Oreshkin, Phys. Plasmas 13, 042701 (2006)

  30. 30.

    L.C. Zhang, X.L. Zhu, Y.F. Huang, Z. Liu, K. Yan, J. Appl. Phys. 120, 043302 (2016)

  31. 31.

    H. Shi, G. Yin, Y. Fan, J. Wu, X. Li, A.B. Murphy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 115, 084101 (2019)

Download references


This work was supported in part by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2019M650511) and the Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program for Young Scholars (No. 3180012221912). R. Han and J. Wu would like to acknowledge the guidance and communications of Prof. Y. Krasik, Dr. S. Efimov, Prof. S. Lebedev, Dr. S. Bland, and Prof. X. Wang on the topic of wire explosions in the last few years.

Author information

Correspondence to Ruoyu Han.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Han, R., Wu, J., Zhou, H. et al. Effects of water states on the process of underwater electrical wire explosion under micro-second timescale pulsed discharge. Eur. Phys. J. Plus 135, 50 (2020) doi:10.1140/epjp/s13360-019-00048-5

Download citation