Real-time implementation in dSPACE of DTC-backstepping for a doubly fed induction motor

  • Najib El OuanjliEmail author
  • Aziz Derouich
  • Abdelaziz El Ghzizal
  • Jamal Bouchnaif
  • Youness El Mourabit
  • Mohammed Taoussi
  • Badre Bossoufi
Regular Article


In this paper, a new direct torque control (DTC) scheme for a doubly fed induction motor (DFIM) powered by two voltage source inverters is designed and implemented to improve the dynamic response and performance of the system. The conventional DTC scheme of the DFIM is widely used due to its high performance, robustness and simplicity of implementation. However, the electromagnetic torque and the flux controlled by classical DTC have high ripples. To overcome these drawbacks and to ensure fast response and full reference tracking with the desired dynamic behavior and low ripple level, the combined DTC-backstepping control using a backstepping controller is developed and validated; this strategy is based on the Lyapunov theory to ensure a robust control, less sensitivity from machine parameter variation and without overshoot, unlike the classical PI controllers. The proposed DTC scheme will be investigated by simulation tests using Matlab/Simulink and experimental implementation using dSPACE DS1104 board. Results obtained by simulation and experimentation show the effectiveness of the proposed control in terms of rapidity, robustness and stability for the DFIM operating at variable speeds.


  1. 1.
    F. Bonnet, P.E. Vidal, M. Pietrzak-David, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 54, 2482 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. Ihedrane, C. El Bekkali, B. Bossoufi, M. Bouderbala, Control of Power of a DFIG Generator with MPPT Technique for Wind Turbines Variable Speed, in Modeling, Identification and Control Methods in Renewable Energy Systems (Springer, Singapore, 2019) pp. 105--129Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Kammoun, S. Sallem, M.B.A. Kammoun, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 132, 470 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Bossoufi, M. Karim, A. Lagrioui, M. Taoussi, A. Derouich, Renew. Energy 81, 903 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Soufi, T. Bahi, S. Lekhchine, D. Dib, Energy Convers. Manag. 72, 187 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. El Ouanjli, M. Taoussi, A. Derouich, A. Chebabhi, A. El Ghzizal, B. Bossoufi, Gazi Univ. J. Sci. 31, 532 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Bounar, A. Boulkroune, F. Boudjema, M. Farza, Neurocomputing 151, 756 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. El Ouanjli, A. Derouich, A. El Ghzizal, Y. El Mourabit, M. Taoussi, Int. J. Power Electron. Drive Syst. 8, 1117 (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Taoussi, M. Karim, B. Bossoufi, D. Hammoumi, A. Lagrioui, A. Derouich, Int. J. Autom. Control 10, 12 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Debbou, M. Pietrzak-David, Acoustic noise reduction in VSI-DFIM for electrical naval propulsion, in IECON 2015 - 41st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IEEE, 2015) pp. 004531--004537Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. El Ouanjli, A. Derouich, A. El Ghzizal, A. Chebabhi, M. Taoussi, A comparative study between FOC and DTC control of the Doubly Fed Induction Motor (DFIM), in 2017 International Conference on Electrical and Information Technologies (ICEIT) (IEEE, 2017) pp. 1--6Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Taoussi, M. Karim, B. Bossoufi, D. Hmmoumi, C. Bakkali, A. Derouich, N. El Ouanjli, WSEAS Trans. Syst. Control. 12, 405 (2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Lekhchinea, T. Bahib, I. Aadliab, Z. Layateb, H. Bouzeriac, Energy Proc. 74, 575 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. Sarasola, J. Poza, M.A. Rodriguez, G. Abad, Energy Convers. Manag. 52, 1226 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    C.M.F.S. Reza, M.D. Islam, S. Mekhilef, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 37, 919 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. Takahashi, T. Noguchi, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 5, 820 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Abdellatif, M. Debbou, I. Slama-Belkhodja, M. Pietrzak-David, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 61, 3915 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. Sutikno, N.R.N. Idris, A. Jidin, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 32, 548 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Ammar, A. Bourek, A. Benakcha, Front. Energy, (2017)
  20. 20.
    B.L.G. Costa, C.L. Graciola, B.A. Angelico, A. Goedtel, M.F. Castoldi, Appl. Soft Comput. 62, 776 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.S. Zaky, Electr. Power Syst. Res. 119, 293 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    N. El Ouanjli, A. Derouich, A. El Ghzizal, A. Chebabhi, M. Taoussi, B. Bossoufi, IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 161, 012004 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    F. Boumaraf, M.L. Bendaas, R. Abdessemed, S. Belkacem, Int. J. Electr. Eng. Inform. 7, 541 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Zemmit, S. Messalti, A. Harrag, Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 11, 9099 (2016)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. Zemmit, S. Messalti, A. Harrag, Ain Shams Eng. J. 9, 1877 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Y. El Mourabit, A. Derouich, A. El Ghzizal, N. El Ouanjli, O. Zamzoum, Int. J. Power Electron. Drive Syst. 8, 1732 (2017)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Gdaim, A. Mtibaa, M.F. Mimouni, IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Syst. 23, 644 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Mensou, A. Essadki, T. Nasser, B.B. Idrissi, Int. J. Renew. Energy Res. 7, 1520 (2017)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    S. Abderazak, N. Farid, Comparative study between Sliding mode controller and Fuzzy Sliding mode controller in a speed control for doubly fed induction motor, in IEEE 4th International Conference in Control Engineering & Information Technology (IEEE, 2016) pp. 1--6Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Production Engineering, Energy and Sustainable Development, Higher School of TechnologySidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratory of Electrical Engineering and Maintenance, Higher School of TechnologyUniversity Mohammed IOujdaMorocco
  3. 3.Laboratory of Systems Integration and Advanced Technologies, Faculty of Sciences Dhar El MahrazSidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah UniversityFezMorocco

Personalised recommendations