Advertisement

An ADS irradiation facility for fast and slow neutrons

  • Fabio PanzaEmail author
  • Walter Borreani
  • Gabriele Firpo
  • Guglielmo Lomonaco
  • Mikhail Osipenko
  • Marco Palmero
  • Giovanni Ricco
  • Marco Ripani
  • Paolo Saracco
  • Carlo Maria Viberti
Regular Article
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract.

We studied a flexible ADS-based irradiation facility with fast neutrons inside the core and slow neutrons in the composite reflector containing light materials. The fast reactor core has been designed using MCNP-6 code with a mixed reflector formed by three concentric cylindrical layers (lead+graphite+lead) in order to have different neutrons spectra to perform various types of measurements without perturbing the ADS core fast characteristics. We also included in the ADS design three irradiation points external to the core, in positions such to have different neutron spectra, for measurements to be performed out of the ADS system. Moreover, we performed a thermal-hydraulic assessment of the behavior of target and core cooling systems. In order to investigate the capabilities of the system, we studied different kinds of possible measurements that could be performed in various positions, both inside and outside the ADS.

References

  1. 1.
    P. Saracco, R. Marotta, G. Lomonaco, D. Chersola, L. Mansani, in Proceedings of PHYSOR 2014 - The Role of Reactor Physics toward a Sustainable Future, The Westin Miyako, Kyoto, Japan, September 28 -- October 3, 2014Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Billebaud, in Proceedings of PHYSOR 2002, International Conference on the New Frontiers of Nuclear Technology Reactor Physics. Safety and High-Performance Computing (Seoul, Republic of Korea, 2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Gohar, D.L. Smith, Argonne National Laboratory report ANL-10/05 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Talamo et al., Progr. Nucl. Energy 70, 43 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Talamo et al., Nucl. Engin. Design 241, 1606 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.H. Pyeon, in Nuclear Back-end and Transmutation Technology for Waste Disposal, edited by K. Nakajima (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Billebaud, in Proceedings of the International Conference GLOBAL 2009. The Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Sustainable Options & Industrial Perspectives (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Cao, T.Y. Wei, A.L. Grelle, Y. Gohar, Argonne National Laboratory Technical Report ANL-16/05 (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wenlong Zhan, presented at the workshop on the Status of Accelerator Driven Systems Research and Technology Development, CERN, 7--9 February 2017Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H.A. Abderrahim, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Fast Reactors and related fuel cycles: safe technology and sustainable scenarios, Paris, France 4--7 March 2013 (IAEA, 2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Panza et al., Ann. Nucl. Energy 109, 162 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Mansani, S. Monti, G. Ricco, M. Ricotti, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 129, 64 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Mansani, M. Bruzzone, S. Frambati, M. Reale, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 129, 65 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C.M. Viberti, G. Ricco, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 129, 66 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Grasso et al., Nucl. Eng. Design 278, 287 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ansaldo Nucleare, private communicationGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Osipenko et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 723, 8 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. Mansani, R. Monti, P. Neuhold, in Proceedings of Actinide and Fission Product Partitioning and Transmutation - 7th Information Exchange Meeting, Jeju, Republic of Korea, 14--16 October 2002 (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, 2003)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. Goorley, MCNP6.1.1-Beta Release Notes, LA-UR-14-24680 (2014)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. Cinotti, C. Smith, C. Artioli, G. Grasso, Lead-Cooled Fast Reactor (LFR) Design: Safety, Neutronics, Thermal Hydraulics, Structural Mechanics, Fuel, Core, and Plant Design, in C. Smith, Compendium of Reactor Technology LLNL-BOOK-424323 (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Talamo et al., Progr. Nucl. Energy 70, 43 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. Lomonaco, G. Alessandroni, W. Borreani, Energies 11, 2090 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Borreani et al., Int. J. Heat Technol. 35, S186 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Lomonaco et al., Thermal Sci. Eng. Prog. 6C, 447 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Cetnar, MCB - a continuous energy Monte Carlo Burnup code, OECD/NEA, in Fifth international information exchange meeting (1998)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    F. Panza et al., Eur. Phys. J. Nuclear Sci. Technol. 3, 36 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. Shikata, J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 1, 177 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
    B. Ponsard, in Transactions Research Reactor Fuel Management (RRFM) 2010, 21--25 March 2010, Marrakech, Morocco (European Nuclear Society, 2010)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. Martini et al., Appl. Radiat. Isot. 118, 302 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    National Research Council (US) Committee on Medical Isotope Production Without Highly Enriched Uranium, Washington (DC) (National Academies Press (US), 2009)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. Salvini, Laboratorio Energia Nucleare Applicata, University of Pavia, private communicationGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    W. Uyttenhove et al., Ann. Nucl. Energy 38, 1519 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    D. Chersola, G. Ricco, M. Ripani, P. Saracco, Ann. Nucl. Energy 95, 42 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Osipenko et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 883, 14 (2018)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Panza
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Walter Borreani
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gabriele Firpo
    • 4
  • Guglielmo Lomonaco
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mikhail Osipenko
    • 2
  • Marco Palmero
    • 4
  • Giovanni Ricco
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marco Ripani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paolo Saracco
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carlo Maria Viberti
    • 4
  1. 1.Centro Fermi - Museo Storico della FisicaCentro Studi e Ricerche “Enrico Fermi”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareSezione di GenovaGenovaItaly
  3. 3.GeNERG DIME/TECUniversity of GenovaGenovaItaly
  4. 4.Ansaldo Nucleare S.p.A.GenovaItaly

Personalised recommendations