Advertisement

Improvements to the analytical protocol of lapis lazuli provenance: First study on Myanmar rock samples

  • Gloria Vaggelli
  • Leila Es Sebar
  • Alessandro Borghi
  • Roberto Cossio
  • Alessandro ReEmail author
  • Fulvio Fantino
  • Alessandro Lo Giudice
Regular Article
  • 17 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Focus Point on Past and Present: Recent Advances in the Investigation of Ancient Materials by Means of Scientific Instrumental Techniques

Abstract.

The study of lapis lazuli is important to find out information about the provenance of a material used since the Neolithic Age for the manufacturing of precious carved artefacts. The Badakhshan deposits in Afghanistan are commonly considered as the main source of lapis lazuli in ancient times. However, other quarries could have possibly been exploited since antiquity. A protocol to distinguish the provenance of lapis lazuli rocks among four known source areas (located in present-day Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Siberia and Chile) by means of non-invasive techniques was set up in the last years. It is based on differences in the physical-chemical properties measured in 45 lapis lazuli rocks that constitute our reference database. The aim of the present paper is to extend the protocol analysing, by means of a multi-analytical approach, 10 lapis lazuli rock samples, coming from the quarry district of Mandalay in Myanmar, to find out significant petrographic and mineralogical markers. Optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to perform a detailed petrographic and mineralogical characterisation allowing to distinguish the Myanmar lapis lazuli in three main groups. SEM-EDX analyses on selected mineral phases were performed.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Casanova, Dial. Hist. Anc. 27-2, 149 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.F. Rogers, Am. Mineral. 23, 111 (1938)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.K. Van Peteghem, B.J. Burley, Can. Mineral. 7, 808 (1963)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Voskoboinikova, Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshchestva 67, 601 (1938)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Wyart, P. Bariand, J. Filippi, Gems Gemmol. 17, 184 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.M. Bulgarelli, M. Tosi, Geo-Archeologia 1-2, 37 (1977)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Herrmann, Iraq 30, 21 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Herrmann, P. Moorey, Lapis lazuli, in Reallexikon Der Assyriologie Und Vorderasiatischen Archaologisch (W. de Gruyter, Berlin, 1983) pp. 489--492Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. Sarianidi, L.H. Kowalaski, Archaeology 24, 12 (1971)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Tosi, M. Vidale, Paléorient 16, 89 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Law, Evaluating potential lapis lazuli sources for ancient South Asia using sulfur isotope analysis, in “My life is like the summer rose” Maurizio Tosi e l’archeologia come modo di vivere, edited by B. Cerasetti, B. Genito, C.C. Lamberg-Karlovsky (BAR, 2014) pp. 419--429Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Lo Giudice et al., Archaeol. Anthropol. Sci. 9, 637 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. Angelici et al., Microscopy Microanal. 21, 526 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Lo Giudice et al., Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 395, 2211 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Re et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 348, 278 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Re et al., Appl. Phys. A 111, 69 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Re et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 269, 2373 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Lo Giudice et al., Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 404, 277 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. Da Cunha, Le Lapis Lazuli: Son Histoire, ses Gisements, ses Imitations (Editions du Rucher, Paris, 1989)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    D.D. Hogarth, W.L. Griffin, Lithos 9, 39 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    W.C. Brøgger, H. Bäckström, Cryst. Mater. 18, 209 (1891)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    D.D. Hogarth, W.L. Griffin, Can. Mineral. 18, 59 (1980)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    R.R. Coenraads, C. Canut de Bon, Gems Gemmol. 36, 28 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G.L. Cuitino, Rev. Geol. Chile 27, 57 (1986)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R.C. Esquivel, M.E. Benavides Muñoz, Bol. Mineral. 16, 57 (2005)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    D.D. Hogarth, W.L. Griffin, Lithos 11, 37 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S.W. Faryad, Precambr. Res. 98, 223 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. Moore, R.W. Woodside, Mineral. Record 45, 280 (2014)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M.P. Searle et al., Geol. Soc. London Mem. 48, 261 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Maung Thein, Soe Win, J. Sci. Technol., Burma 3, 487 (1970)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A.H.G. Mitchell et al., J. Asian Earth Sci. 29, 891 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    F. Bender, Geology of Burma (Bannert, Dietrich, Jörn Brinckmann, 1983)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    T. Themelis, Gems and Mines of Mogok (A&T Pub., USA, 2008)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    K. Petrakakis, H. Dietrich, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. 8, 379 (1985)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    M.E. Fleet et al., Can. Mineral. 43, 1589 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    D.L. Whitney, B.W. Evans, Am. Mineral. 95, 185 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    S.M. Aleksandrov, V.G. Senin, Geochem. Int. 44, 976 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    T.J.B. Holland, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 82, 214 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    F.C. Hawthorne et al., Am. Mineral. 97, 2031 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    G.A. Yurgenson, B.P. Sukharev, Int. Geol. Rev. 27, 230 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    R. Kostov, Lazurite from central Asia according to the ethnonym Balkhara, in Bulgarian Geological Society, Annual Scientific Conference 38 (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNR- Isitituto di Geoscienze e GeorisorseTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di TorinoTorinoItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraUniversità di TorinoTorinoItaly
  4. 4.INFN Sezione di TorinoTorinoItaly
  5. 5.TecnArt S.r.l.TorinoItaly

Personalised recommendations