Self-excited and hidden attractors in a novel chaotic system with complicated multistability
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In this paper, a new 3D chaotic system with trigonometric function term as a nonlinear controller is proposed. Depending on the nonlinear controller and the value of the parameters, the proposed system exhibits self-excited attractor with an unstable equilibrium, and hidden attractor with no equilibrium or a stable equilibrium. In addition, the unusual and striking dynamic behavior of the coexistence of self-excited chaotic with periodic attractors, two self-excited chaotic attractors with periodic attractor, three periodic attractors, hidden chaotic with point attractors, two hidden chaotic attractors, and four hidden chaotic attractors are explored by selecting appropriate initial values. Consequently, the proposed system has high sensitivity to its initial values and parameters, hence it can be applied in chaos-based cryptographic applications. Thus, the non-periodicity of coexisting attractors of the system is investigated through Lyapunov exponents and Sample Entropy. To demonstrate the performance of the system in real applications, we construct a pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) based on the hidden attractor case. The randomness test results show that the generated PRNG pass all the statistical tests.
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