A thermostatted kinetic theory model for event-driven pedestrian dynamics

  • Carlo BiancaEmail author
  • Caterina Mogno
Regular Article


This paper is devoted to the modeling of the pedestrian dynamics by means of the thermostatted kinetic theory. Specifically the microscopic interactions among pedestrians and an external force field are modeled for simulating the evacuation of pedestrians from a metro station. The fundamentals of the stochastic game theory and the thermostatted kinetic theory are coupled for the derivation of a specific mathematical model which depicts the time evolution of the distribution of pedestrians at different exits of a metro station. The perturbation theory is employed in order to establish the stability analysis of the nonequilibrium stationary states in the case of a metro station consisting of two exits. A general sensitivity analysis on the initial conditions, the magnitude of the external force field and the number of exits is presented by means of numerical simulations which, in particular, show how the asymptotic distribution and the convergence time are affected by the presence of an external force field. The results show how, in evacuation conditions, the interaction dynamics among pedestrians can be negligible with respect to the external force. The important role of the thermostat term in allowing the reaching of the nonequilibrium stationary state is stressed out. Research perspectives are underlined at the end of paper, in particular for what concerns the derivation of frameworks that take into account the definition of local external actions and the introduction of the space and velocity dynamics.


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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Quartz EA 7393École Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Génie Électrique, Productique et Management IndustrielCergy Pontoise CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Recherche en Eco-innovation Industrielle et EnergtiqueÉcole Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Génie Électrique, Productique et Management IndustrielCergy Pontoise CedexFrance
  3. 3.European Commission, Joint Research CenterDirectorate for Energy, Transport and ClimateIspra (VA)Italy

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