Malargüe seismic array: Design and deployment of the temporary array

  • E. Ruigrok
  • D. Draganov
  • M. Gómez
  • J. Ruzzante
  • D. Torres
  • I. Lópes Pumarega
  • N. Barbero
  • A. Ramires
  • A. R. Castaño Gañan
  • K. van Wijk
  • K. Wapenaar
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Focus Point on Interdisciplinary Science with Cosmic Rays


We present the goals and the current status of the Malargüe seismic array. Our main goal is imaging and monitoring the subsurface below the Malargüe region, Mendoza, Argentina. More specifically, we focus on the Planchon-Peteroa Volcano and an area just east of the town of Malargüe. We start our project installing a temporary array of 38 seismic stations, which records continuously for one year. The array consists of two subarrays: one array located on the flanks of the volcano; the other spread out on a plateau just east of the Andes. The imaging targets, like the Moho and the Nazca slab, are relatively deep. Yet, the array has a dense station spacing, allowing exploration-type processing. For high-resolution imaging, also a dense source spacing is required. This we aim to achieve by creating virtual sources at the receiver positions, with a technique called seismic interferometry (SI). The array is designed such that a recent improvement of SI can be applied to the recordings. Other goals are to collect high-quality core-phase measurements and to characterize sources of microseism noise in the Southern Hemisphere. Furthermore, we plan to collaborate with researchers from the Pierre Auger Collaboration to study coupling of seismic, atmospheric, and cosmic signals using data from our instruments and from the Pierre Auger detectors.


Total Electron Content Seismic Station Seismic Array Virtual Source Ambient Seismic Noise 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    O. Yilmaz, S.M. Doherty, Seismic data analysis: processing, inversion and interpretation of seismic data (SEG, 2000)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Rickett, J.F. Claerbout, The Leading Edge 18, 957 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G.T. Schuster, J. Yu, J. Rickett, Geophys. J. Int. 157, 838 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Wapenaar, Geophysics 68, 1756 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Bakulin, R. Calvert, Geophysics 71, SI139 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Draganov, K. Wapenaar, W. Mulder, J. Singer, A. Verdel, Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L04305 (2007) DOI:10.1029/2006GL028735 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E.N. Ruigrok, X. Campman, K. Wapenaar, C. R. Geosc. 343, 512 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Abe, E. Kurashimo, H. Sato, N. Hirata, T. Iwasaki, T. Kawanaka, Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L19305 (2007) DOI:10.1029/2007GL030633 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Draganov, X. Campman, J. Thorbecke, A. Verdel, K. Wapenaar, Geophysics 74, A63 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E.N. Ruigrok, X. Campman, D. Draganov, K. Wapenaar, Geophys. J. Int. 183, 339 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. Knopoff, Geophys. J. Int. 4, 161 (1961)MathSciNetADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.S. Longuet-Higgins, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 243, 1 (1950)MathSciNetADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    N.M. Shapiro, M. Campillo, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L07614 (2004) DOI:10.1029/2004GL019491 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Yao, R.D. van der Hilst, M.V. de Hoop, Geophys. J. Int. 166, 732 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    C.A. Langston, J. Geophys. Res. 84, 4749 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Wapenaar, J. van der Neut, E.N. Ruigrok, Geophysics 75, A51 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K. Wapenaar, E. Ruigrok, J. van der Neut, D. Draganov, Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L01313 (2011) DOI:10.1029/2010GL045523 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Rost, C. Thomas, Rev. Geophys. 40, 1008 (2002) DOI:10.1029/2000RG000100 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    K.D. Koper, K. Seats, H. Benz, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 100, 606 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Diodati, P. Bak, F. Marchesoni, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 182, 253 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Snieder, A. Grêt, H. Douma, J. Scales, Science 295, 2253 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M.M. Haney, K. van Wijk, L.A. Preston, D.F. Aldridge, Lead. Edge 28, 554 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. Sens-Schönfelder, U. Wegler, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L21302 (2006) DOI:10.1029/2006GL027797 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    N.M. Shapiro, M. Campillo, L. Stehly, M.H. Ritzwoller, Science 307, 1615 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    F. Brenguier, N.M. Shapiro, M. Campillo, A. Nercessian, V. Ferrazzini, Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L02305 (2007) DOI:10.1029/2006GL028586 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.R. Daneshvar, C.S. Clay, M.K. Savage, Geophysics 60, 1178 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Landes, F. Hubans, N.M. Shapiro, A. Paul, M. Campillo, J. Geophys. Res. 115, B05302 (2010)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.L. Nowack, S. Dasgupta, G.T Schuster, J.-M. Sheng, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 96, 1 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    E. Ruigrok, K. Wapenaar, Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L11303 (2012) DOI:10.1029/2012GL051672 ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    I. Panea, D. Draganov, C. Almagro Vidal, V. Mocanu, unpublishedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    E Arias, N. Barstow, unpublishedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    L. Wiencke, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 127, 98 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    W.C. Brown, J.R. Dywer, P.R. Krehbiel, W. Rison, R.J. Thomas, H. Edens, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 127, 95 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    H. Asorey, 2011, Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference (Beijing)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. Heki, Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L17312 (2011) DOI:10.1029/2011GL047908 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Ruigrok
    • 1
  • D. Draganov
    • 1
  • M. Gómez
    • 2
  • J. Ruzzante
    • 2
  • D. Torres
    • 2
  • I. Lópes Pumarega
    • 2
  • N. Barbero
    • 3
  • A. Ramires
    • 3
  • A. R. Castaño Gañan
    • 3
  • K. van Wijk
    • 4
  • K. Wapenaar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geoscience and EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftNetherlands
  2. 2.ICES, CNEABuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.ICES, CNEAMalargüeArgentina
  4. 4.Boise State UniversityPhysical Acoustics Laboratory, Department of GeosciencesBoiseUSA

Personalised recommendations