Description of atmospheric conditions at the Pierre Auger Observatory using meteorological measurements and models

Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Focus Point on Interdisciplinary Science with Cosmic Rays


Atmospheric conditions at the site of a cosmic-ray observatory must be known well for reconstructing observed extensive air showers, especially when measured using the fluorescence technique. For the Pierre Auger Observatory, a sophisticated network of atmospheric monitoring devices has been conceived. Part of this monitoring was a weather balloon program to measure atmospheric state variables above the observatory. To use the data in reconstructions of air showers, monthly models have been constructed. Scheduled balloon launches were abandoned and replaced with launches triggered by high-energetic air showers as part of a rapid monitoring system. Currently, the balloon launch program is halted and atmospheric data from numerical weather prediction models are used. A description of the balloon measurements, the monthly models as well as the data from the numerical weather prediction are presented.

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Keilhauer
    • 1
  • M. Will
    • 1
  • Pierre Auger Collaboration
    • 2
  1. 1.Karlsruher Institut für TechnologieInstitut für KernphysikKarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.Observatorio Pierre AugerMalargüeArgentina

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