The European Physical Journal H

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 69–91 | Cite as

Fractals and the Korcak-law: a history and a correction

  • Attila R. ImreEmail author
  • Josef Novotný


The Korcak-law – first presented in an empirical form in 1938 to describe the size-distribution of various geographical objects, including lakes and islands by Jaromír Korčák – was one of the examples used by Benoit Mandelbrot to show that fractals are not only mathematical monsters, but that they are applicable to describe many natural objects and phenomena too. In this paper, we would like to give a brief overview about the history of the Korcak-law and its connection to other similar rules. Moreover, we would like to show, that although there are similarities between fractal-related laws and the Korcak-law, the Korcak-exponent is not directly related to fractal dimension. In this sense, the measure introduced by Benoit Mandelbrot based on Korčák’s empirical findings is not a fractal measure.


Fractal Dimension Fractal Geometry Double Logarithmic Plot Methane Cycle Euclidean Triangle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© EDP Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MTA Centre for Energy ResearchBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Department of Energy EngineeringBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Dept. of Social Geography and Regional Development, Faculty of Science, Charles UniversityPraha 2Czech Republic

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