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Effect of surfactant alkyl chain length on lyotropic uniaxial to biaxial cholesteric phase transitions

  • Erol AkpinarEmail author
  • Nazli Uygur
  • Seda Uyanik
  • Antônio Martins Figueiredo Neto
Regular Article
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Abstract.

Some ionic surfactant-based lyotropic mixtures, exhibiting cholesteric phases, were prepared to investigate the effect of the surfactant alkyl chain length on a) uniaxial-to-biaxial phase transitions and b) stabilization of different cholesteric phases. Potassium alkanoates, KCx, (potassium undecanoate, KC11, potassium dodecanoate, KC12, and potassium tridecanoate, KC13) were chosen as the surfactant molecules. The lyotropic mixtures, which were composed of KCx/potassium sulfate (K2SO4)/decanol (DeOH)/water/brucine, where brucine is a chiral dopant molecule, were studied. Partial phase diagrams were constructed to show how the surfactant alkyl chain affects the phase topologies in the phase diagrams. It was observed that the presence of a longer surfactant alkyl chain in the mixture favors the stabilization of the larger discotic cholesteric, ChD, and cholesteric biaxial, ChB, phase domains. The phase transitions from the uniaxial cholesteric to biaxial cholesteric phase were shifted to lower temperatures.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Soft Matter: Liquid crystals 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erol Akpinar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nazli Uygur
    • 1
  • Seda Uyanik
    • 1
  • Antônio Martins Figueiredo Neto
    • 2
  1. 1.Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of ChemistryGolkoy, BoluTurkey
  2. 2.Instituto de FísicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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