Cratering response during droplet impacts on granular beds

  • Emmanuel WyserEmail author
  • Dario Carrea
  • Michel Jaboyedoff
  • Shiva P. Pudasaini
Regular Article


This experimental work focuses on the cratering response of granular layers induced by liquid droplet impacts. A droplet impact results in severe granular layer deformation, crater formation and deposits in the vicinity of the impact center. High-precision three-dimensional imaging of the granular layer surface revealed important characteristics of liquid impacts on granular matter, such as singular asymmetric deformations of the layer. Our analysis also demonstrated that the impact energy and the granular packing, and its inherent compressibility, are not the unique parameters controlling the bed response, for which granular fraction heterogeneities may induce strong variations. Such heterogeneous conditions primarily influence the magnitude but not the dynamics of liquid impacts on granular layers. Finally, a general equation can be used to relate the enery released during cratering to both the impact energy and the compressibility of the granular matter. However, our results do not support any transition triggered by the compaction-dilation regime. Hence, higly detailed numerical simulations could provide considerable insights regarding the remaining questions related to heterogeneous packing conditions and its influence over the bulk compressibility and the compaction-dilation phase transition.

Graphical abstract


Flowing Matter: Granular Materials 


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuel Wyser
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dario Carrea
    • 1
  • Michel Jaboyedoff
    • 1
  • Shiva P. Pudasaini
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Lausanne, Institute of Earth SciencesLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of Bonn, Institute of Geosciences, Geophysics SectionBonnGermany

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