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Dielectric spectroscopy of novel bio-based aliphatic-aromatic block copolymers: Poly(butylene terephthalate)-b-poly(lactic acid)

  • I. Irska
  • A. Linares
  • E. Piesowicz
  • S. Paszkiewicz
  • Z. Rosłaniec
  • A. Nogales
  • T. A. EzquerraEmail author
Regular Article
  • 35 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Dielectric Spectroscopy Applied to Soft Matter

Abstract.

Broadband dielectric spectroscopy has been used to characterize in deep the relaxation behavior of novel bio-based aliphatic-aromatic block copolymers based on poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA). The results indicate that the copolymerization decreases the ability to crystallize of the resulting block copolymer. The \(\alpha\) relaxation of the block copolymers is consistent with this fact exhibiting initially the characteristics features of an amorphous polymeric material cold crystallizing upon heating. The cold crystallization can be easily visualized by dielectric spectroscopy by a discontinuous and abrupt change of the shape parameters of the \(\alpha\) relaxation. The sub-glass dynamics of the block copolymers is complex and be ascribed to a \(\beta\) relaxation composed of two local modes, \(\beta_{1}\) and \( \beta_{2}\), which can be assigned to the relaxation in PBT of the bond between the ester oxygen and the aliphatic carbon and to the bond between the aromatic ring carbon to the ester carbon, respectively. With increasing amount of the PLA block the crystallinity decreases as well as the activation energy of the \( \beta_{1}\) mode approaching the expected value for amorphous PBT. On the contrary, the activation energy for the \( \beta_{2}\) exhibits an unexpected increase as the amount of PLA increases. This effect has been explained by considering that at lower temperatures the \( \beta_{2}\) mode of PBT is the more significant while at higher temperatures the \( \beta\) relaxation of the PLA block becomes the dominant one.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Topical issue: Dielectric Spectroscopy Applied to Soft Matter 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Irska
    • 1
  • A. Linares
    • 2
  • E. Piesowicz
    • 1
  • S. Paszkiewicz
    • 1
  • Z. Rosłaniec
    • 1
  • A. Nogales
    • 2
  • T. A. Ezquerra
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Materials Science and EngineeringWest Pomeranian University of Technology SzczecinSzczecinPoland
  2. 2.Instituto de Estructura de la MateriaMadridSpain

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