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Friction weakening by mechanical vibrations: A velocity-controlled process

  • V. Vidal
  • C. Oliver
  • H. Lastakowski
  • G. Varas
  • J. -C. GéminardEmail author
Regular Article

Abstract.

Frictional weakening by vibrations was first invoked in the 70s to explain unusual fault slips and earthquakes, low viscosity during the collapse of impact craters or the extraordinary mobility of sturzstroms, peculiar rock avalanches which travels large horizontal distances. This mechanism was further invoked to explain the remote triggering of earthquakes or the abnormally large runout of landslides or pyroclastic flows. Recent experimental and theoretical works pointed out that the key parameter which governs frictional weakening in sheared granular media is the characteristic velocity of the vibrations. Here we show that the mobility of the grains is not mandatory and that the vibration velocity governs the weakening of both granular and solid friction. The critical velocity leading to the transition from stick-slip motion to continuous sliding is in both cases of the same order of magnitude, namely a hundred microns per second. It is linked to the roughness of the surfaces in contact.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Flowing matter: Nonlinear Physics and Mesoscale Modeling 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Vidal
    • 1
  • C. Oliver
    • 2
  • H. Lastakowski
    • 1
  • G. Varas
    • 2
  • J. -C. Géminard
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Université de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique, ENS de Lyon, CNRSLyonFrance
  2. 2.Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de ValparaisoValparaisoChile

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