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Lattice Boltzmann methods and active fluids

  • Livio Nicola Carenza
  • Giuseppe GonnellaEmail author
  • Antonio Lamura
  • Giuseppe Negro
  • Adriano Tiribocchi
Topical Review
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract.

We review the state of the art of active fluids with particular attention to hydrodynamic continuous models and to the use of Lattice Boltzmann Methods (LBM) in this field. We present the thermodynamics of active fluids, in terms of liquid crystals modelling adapted to describe large-scale organization of active systems, as well as other effective phenomenological models. We discuss how LBM can be implemented to solve the hydrodynamics of active matter, starting from the case of a simple fluid, for which we explicitly recover the continuous equations by means of Chapman-Enskog expansion. Going beyond this simple case, we summarize how LBM can be used to treat complex and active fluids. We then review recent developments concerning some relevant topics in active matter that have been studied by means of LBM: spontaneous flow, self-propelled droplets, active emulsions, rheology, active turbulence, and active colloids.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Soft Matter: Polymers and Polyelectrolytes 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Livio Nicola Carenza
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Gonnella
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonio Lamura
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Negro
    • 1
  • Adriano Tiribocchi
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità degli Studi di Bari, and INFN Sezione di BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Applicazioni CalcoloCNRBariItaly
  3. 3.Center for Life Nano Science@La SapienzaIstituto Italiano di TecnologiaRomaItaly

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