A comparison of peptide amphiphile nanofiber macromolecular assembly strategies
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Supramolecular peptide nanofibers that are composed of peptide amphiphile molecules have been widely used for many purposes from biomedical applications to energy conversion. The self-assembly mechanisms of these peptide nanofibers also provide convenient models for understanding the self-assembly mechanisms of various biological supramolecular systems; however, the current theoretical models that explain these mechanisms do not sufficiently explain the experimental results. In this study, we present a new way of modeling these nanofibers that better fits with the experimental data. Molecular dynamics simulations were applied to create model fibers using two different layer models and two different tilt angles. Strikingly, the fibers which were modeled to be tilting the peptide amphiphile molecules and/or tilting the plane were found to be more stable and consistent with the experiments.