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Motility and cell shape roles in the rheology of growing bacteria cultures

  • R. Portela
  • P. L. Almeida
  • R. G. Sobral
  • C. R. LealEmail author
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Flowing Matter, Problems and Applications

Abstract.

Cell shape, size and self-motility appear as determinant intrinsic cell factors in the rheological behavior of living bacterial cultures during the growth process. In this work three different species were considered due to their differences on these intrinsic characteristics: two different strains of Staphylococcus aureus - strain COL and its isogenic cell wall autolysis mutant, RUSAL9 - both non-motile and Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis - both presenting intrinsic motility. In situ real-time rheology, was used to characterize the activity of growing bacteria, under steady-shear conditions, in particular the viscosity growth curve was measured, for a constant shear flow rate, presenting for all studied cultures, different and rich flow curves. These complex rheological behaviors are a consequence of two coupled effects: the cell density continuous increase and its changing interacting properties, where cell size and shape and intrinsic motility are major players.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Topical issue: Flowing Matter, Problems and Applications 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Portela
    • 1
  • P. L. Almeida
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. G. Sobral
    • 1
  • C. R. Leal
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology of Bacterial Pathogens, UCIBIO@REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal
  2. 2.Área Departamental de FísicaISEL - Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  3. 3.CENIMAT/I3N, Departamento de Ciência dos Materiais, Faculdade Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal

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