The effect of flow on viscoelastic emulsion microstructure

  • Valentina Preziosi
  • Antonio Perazzo
  • Giovanna Tomaiuolo
  • Stefano Guido
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Fluids and Structures: Multi-scale coupling and modeling


Emulsions made of oil, water and surfactants are widespread soft materials with complex structures depending on composition and temperature. Emulsion phase behavior at rest has been widely investigated but flow-induced effects, which are very relevant in many applications, can still be further explored towards improved emulsion microstructural design. In this work, we use low energy emulsification processing to create small-sized emulsions. In a previous report, we showed the emulsion morphology development and the effect of flow on the microstructure of a highly viscoelastic attractive emulsion which result in a concentrated nanoemulsion after viscoelastic droplet filaments are disrupted. Here, we show that upon stopping the flow, the filaments slowly buckle, recoil and finally form clusters of randomly flocculated droplets. We thus obtain two completely different emulsion morphologies simply induced by the action of flow, where in both cases attractive interactions play a key role. The emulsion high interfacial area represents a valuable feature for several applications such as upstream operations, microreaction media and drug delivery.

Graphical abstract


Topical issue: Fluids and Structures: Multi-scale coupling and modeling 


  1. 1.
    J. Vermant, M. Solomon, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 17, R187 (2005)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. Preziosi, A. Perazzo, G. Tomaiuolo, V. Pipich, D. Danino, L. Paduano, S. Guido, Soft Matter 13, 5696 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P.J. Lu, E. Zaccarelli, F. Ciulla, A.B. Schofield, F. Sciortino, D.A. Weitz, Nature 453, 499 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Ray, C. Reichhardt, C.O. Reichhardt, Phys. Rev. E 90, 013019 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. Gnan, E. Zaccarelli, F. Sciortino, Casimir-like forces at the percolation transition, arXiv preprint, arXiv:1308.3870 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.E. Fisher, P. Gennes, C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. Ser. B 287, 207 (1978)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Bonn, J. Otwinowski, S. Sacanna, H. Guo, G. Wegdam, P. Schall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 156101 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Iwashita, H. Tanaka, Nat. Mater. 5, 147 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Zaccarelli, P.J. Lu, F. Ciulla, D.A. Weitz, F. Sciortino, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20, 494242 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Tanaka, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12, R207 (2000)ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    I. Buttinoni, J. Bialké, F. Kümmel, H. Löwen, C. Bechinger, T. Speck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 238301 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. Sciortino, S. Mossa, E. Zaccarelli, P. Tartaglia, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 055701 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Guido, Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 16, 61 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Caserta, L. Sabetta, M. Simeone, S. Guido, Chem. Eng. Sci. 60, 1019 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Guido, M. Villone, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 209, 247 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Guido, V. Preziosi, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 161, 89 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Posocco, A. Perazzo, V. Preziosi, E. Laurini, S. Pricl, S. Guido, RSC Adv. 6, 4723 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    V. Preziosi, M. Barra, A. Perazzo, G. Tarabella, R. Agostino, S.L. Marasso, P. D'Angelo, S. Iannotta, A. Cassinese, S. Guido, J. Mater. Chem. C 5, 2056 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Perazzo, V. Preziosi, S. Guido, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 222, 581 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H. Hoffmann, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 178, 21 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Hoffmann, R. Abdel-Rahem, Colloid Polym. Sci. 288, 603 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Abdel-Rahem, H. Hoffmann, Rheol. Acta 45, 781 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Chiruvolu, H.E. Warriner, E. Naranjo, S.H. Idziak, J.O. Rädler, R.J. Plano, J.A. Zasadzinski, C.R. Safinya, Science 266, 1222 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C.L. Tucker Iii, P. Moldenaers, Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 34, 177 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.R. Derkach, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 151, 1 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Assighaou, L. Benyahia, Phys. Rev. E 77, 036305 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentina Preziosi
    • 1
  • Antonio Perazzo
    • 1
  • Giovanna Tomaiuolo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stefano Guido
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical, Materials and Production EngineeringUniversity of Napoli Federico IINapoliItaly
  2. 2.CEINGE, Advanced BiotechnologiesNapoliItaly
  3. 3.National Interuniversity Consortium for Materials Science and Technology (INSTM)FirenzeItaly

Personalised recommendations