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The European Physical Journal E

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 421–438 | Cite as

Elastic medium confined in a column versus the Janssen experiment

  • G. OvarlezEmail author
  • E. Clément
Article

Abstract.

We compute the stresses in an elastic medium confined in a vertical column, when the material is at the Coulomb threshold everywhere at the walls. Simulations are performed in 2 dimensions using a spring lattice, and in 3 dimensions, using the Finite Element Method. The results are compared to the Janssen model and to experimental results for a granular material. The necessity to consider elastic anisotropy to render qualitatively the experimental findings is discussed.

PACS.

45.05.+x General theory of classical mechanics of discrete systems 45.70.Cc Static sandpiles; granular compaction 46.25.-y Static elasticity 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire des Matériaux et Structures du Génie Civil, (UMR 113 LCPC-ENPC-CNRS)Institut Navier 2Champs sur MarneFrance
  2. 2.Physique et Mécanique des Milieux Hétérogènes (UMR 7636 CNRS-ESPCI) and Université Pierre et Marie CurieESPCIParis Cedex 5France

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