The European Physical Journal E

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 401–408 | Cite as

Enhancement of the orientational order parameter of nematic liquid crystals in thin cells

  • Surajit Dhara
  • N. V. MadhusudanaEmail author


We report measurements of birefringence \((\Delta n)\) of several nematic liquid crystals having transverse as well as longitudinal dipole moments in thin (1.4 to \(2.3\mu\mathrm{m}\)) and thick (7 to \(16\mu \mathrm{m})\) cells. Rubbed polyimide-coated glass plates are used to get planar alignment of the nematic director in these cells. We find significant enhancement (6 to \(18\%\)) of \(\Delta n\) (\(\propto S\), where S is the orientational order parameter) in thin cells in all compounds with aromatic cores even at temperatures far (\(\sim 20^{\circ}\)C) below the nematic-isotropic transition point. The enhancement is larger in compounds having several phenyl rings and lower if the number of phenyl rings is reduced. In a compound that does not have an aromatic core no significant enhancement is observed, implying that the strength of the surface potential depends on the aromaticity of the cores. Assuming a perfect orientational order at the surface, calculations based on the Landau-de Gennes theory show that the thickness averaged enhancement of S is sharply reduced as the temperature is lowered in the nematic phase. The measured order parameter S is further enhanced in thin cells because of the stiffening of the elastic constant which reduces the thermal fluctuations of the nematic director. The combined effect is however too small at low temperatures to account for the experimental data.


Dipole Moment Elastic Constant Phenyl Ring Transition Point Surface Potential 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P.G. de Gennes, J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd edition (Clarendon, Oxford, 1993).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T.Z. Qian, Z.L. Xie, H.S. Kwok, P. Sheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 596 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Sheng, Phys. Rev. A 26, 1610 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Sheng, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1059 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Miyano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 51 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Mada, S. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 4 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R.W. Sobha, D. Vijayaraghavan, N.V. Madhusudana, Europhys. Lett. 44, 296 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Mada, S. Kobayashi, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 33, 47 (1976).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.S. Govind, N.V. Madhusudana, Liq. Cryst. 14, 15 (1993).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.W. Sobha, Electrooptic and dielectric investigations on some liquid crystals (Thesis, Raman Research Institute, 1998).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Manjuladevi, N.V. Madhusudana, Curr. Sci. 85, 1056 (2003).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. Manjuladevi, N.V. Madhusudana, in preparation.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    N.V. Madhusudana, K.P.L. Moodithaya, K.A. Suresh, Mol. Cryst. 99, 239 (1983).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. Haller, Prog. Solid State Chem. 10, 103 (1975).CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Sen, K. Kali, S.K. Roy, S.B. Roy, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 126, 269 (1985).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B. Malraison, Y. Poggi, E. Guyon, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1012 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. Lelidis, M. Nobili, G. Durand, Phys. Rev. E 48, 3818 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Surajit Dhara, N.V. Madhusudana, submitted to Europhys. Lett.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    D.A. Dunmur, K. Szumilin, Liq. Cryst. 6, 449 (1989).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.V. Selinger, D.R. Nelson, Phys. Rev. A 37, 1736 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    E.F. Gramsbergen, L. Longa, W.H. de Jeu, Phys. Rep. 135, 195 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    U. Finkenzeller, T. Geelahaar, G. Weber, L. Phol, Liq. Cryst. 5, 313 (1989).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Raman Research InstituteBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations