Oscillatory patterns in a rotating aqueous suspension
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Suspensions of granular material in glycerin-water mixtures agitated in horizontally aligned rotating tubes show a whole variety of patterns. The stationary pattern of a homogeneous distribution and a chain of rings have been investigated before. Here we report on two types of oscillatory states in the same system. For a certain range of the rotation frequency and sufficiently high viscosity traveling waves propagate with constant velocity back and forth along the tube in an almost homogeneous distribution of sedimenting particles. The transition from a stationary to the traveling-wave state is found to be an imperfect supercritical bifurcation. The dependence of the wave length and speed on the tube’s rotation frequency and the dynamic viscosity of the fluid are determined. Experiments with low viscosities show no traveling waves but low-frequency oscillations, when the previously known chain of rings undergoes a secondary instability.
KeywordsViscosity Dynamic Viscosity Wave Length High Viscosity Constant Velocity
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