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Quantum discord for generalized bloch sphere states

  • Mohammad Ali Jafarizadeh
  • Nasser KarimiEmail author
  • Hadi Zahir
Regular Article

Abstract

In this study, for particular states of bipartite quantum system in 2 n × 2 m dimensional Hilbert space state, similar to m or n-qubit density matrices represented in Bloch sphere which we call them generalized Bloch sphere states (GBSS), we give an efficient optimization procedure so that analytic evaluation of quantum discord can be performed. Using this optimization procedure, we find an exact analytical formula for the optimum positive operator valued measure (POVM) that maximizes the measure of the classical correlation for these states. The presented optimization procedure is also used to show that for any concave entropy function the same POVMs are sufficient for quantum discord of mentioned states. Furthermore, we show that such optimization procedure can be used to calculate the geometric measure of quantum discord (GMQD) and then an explicit formula for GMQD is given. Finally, a complete geometric view is presented for quantum discord of GBSS.

Keywords

Quantum Information 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Ali Jafarizadeh
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nasser Karimi
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Hadi Zahir
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Theoretical Physics and AstrophysicsTabriz UniversityTabrizIran
  2. 2.Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and MathematicsTehranIran
  3. 3.Research Institute for Fundamental SciencesTabrizIran
  4. 4.Physics DepartmentPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran

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