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Optimizing the density of nitrogen implantation for generating high-density NV center ensembles for quantum sensing

  • Fupan Feng
  • Wenlong Zhang
  • Jian Zhang
  • Liren Lou
  • Wei Zhu
  • Guanzhong WangEmail author
Regular Article

Abstract

We prepared four NV center ensembles with different nitrogen atom doses at the same diamond by ion implantation. The densities of NV centers in the samples were analyzed using their fluorescence intensities and PL spectra, which increases with the implantation dose and reaches a maximal value at a dose of 1014 cm−2, corresponding to the nitrogen density of 3.1 × 1019 cm−3. Ramsey measurement showed that no significant difference was found in the dephasing time between the four NV center ensembles. The results suggest that the quantum sensor utilizing NV ensemble centers can achieve its best sensitivity when the density of nitrogen atoms in diamond is about 3.1 × 1019 cm−3.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Optical Phenomena and Photonics 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences / Società Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fupan Feng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wenlong Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jian Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liren Lou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guanzhong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Strongly-Coupled Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at MicroscaleHefei, AnhuiP.R. China
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefei, AnhuiP.R. China

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