Asymmetric frequency dependence of plasma jet formation in resonator electrode
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Large aspect ratio plasma jets with sub-mm diameter are produced by a microwave coaxial resonator electrode. The jet length shows a sharp asymmetric dependence on the drive frequency: the plasma jet suddenly turns off below a critical frequency while the jet length slowly decreases above the frequency. A general mechanism is proposed to explain the asymmetry based on a universal feedback relation among the plasma impedance, the power coupling efficiency and the plasma dimension in resonator type electrodes. The input impedance of the resonator electrode changes depending on the plasma size formed in the electrode. The degree of the impedance mismatch between the electrode-plasma and the power source determines the power coupling efficiency and the resistive loss in the electrode which in turn affects the plasma size. The asymmetric dependence on the drive frequency is a consequence of the fact that the resonance frequency decreases for increasing plasma size. The feedback model shows a good agreement with the experimental measurements, providing essential information for the plasma control.
- 18.D.M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 4th edn. (Wiley, 2012)Google Scholar