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Effect of circularly polarized femtosecond laser pulses on alignment dynamics of linear molecules observed by strong-field photoelectron yields

  • Necati KayaEmail author
  • Gamze Kaya
  • James Strohaber
  • Alexandre A. Kolomenskii
  • Hans A. Schuessler
Regular Article

Abstract

By measuring femtosecond laser driven strong-field electron yields for linear molecules aligned by circularly polarized femtosecond laser pulses, we study the rotational wavepacket evolution of N2, CO, and C2H2 gas molecules. We show that circular polarization produces a net alignment along the laser pulse propagation axis at certain phases of the evolution. This gives the possibility to control alignment of linear molecules outside the plane of polarization, which can provide new capabilities for molecular imaging. The experimental results were compared to the calculated field-free molecular alignment parameter taking into account the effects of electronic structure and symmetry of the molecules. By fitting the calculated impulsive alignment parameter to the measured experimental data we determined the molecular rotational constants of the linear gas molecules.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Molecular Physics and Chemical Physics 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Necati Kaya
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Gamze Kaya
    • 1
    • 2
  • James Strohaber
    • 4
  • Alexandre A. Kolomenskii
    • 1
  • Hans A. Schuessler
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Science Program, Texas A&M University at QatarDohaQatar
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsGiresun UniversityGiresunTurkey
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsFlorida Agricultural and Mechanical UniversityTallahasseeUSA

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