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Laser field induced optical gain in a group III-V quantum wire

  • Subramanian Saravanan
  • Amalorpavam John PeterEmail author
  • Chang Woo Lee
Regular Article

Abstract

Effect of intense high frequency laser field on the electronic and optical properties of heavy hole exciton in an InAsP/InP quantum well wire is investigated taking into consideration of the spatial confinement. Laser field induced exciton binding energies, optical band gap, oscillator strength and the optical gain in the InAs0.8P0.2/InP quantum well wire are studied. The variational formulism is applied to find the respective energies. The laser field induced optical properties are studied. The optical gain as a function of photon energy, in the InAs0.8P0.2/InP quantum wire, is obtained in the presence of intense laser field. The compact density matrix method is employed to obtain the optical gain. The results show that the 1.55 μm wavelength for the fibre optic telecommunication applications is achieved for 45 Å wire radius in the absence of laser field intensity whereas the 1.55 μm wavelength is obtained for 40 Å if the amplitude of the laser field amplitude parameter is 50 Å. The characterizing wavelength for telecommunication network is optimized when the intense laser field is applied for the system. It is hoped that the obtained optical gain in the group III-V narrow quantum wire can be applied for fabricating laser sources for achieving the preferred telecommunication wavelength.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Optical Phenomena and Photonics 

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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subramanian Saravanan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amalorpavam John Peter
    • 3
    Email author
  • Chang Woo Lee
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Scholar, R&D Centre, Bharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Deptment of Physics, GTN Arts CollegeDindigulIndia
  3. 3.P.G & Research Dept. of Physics, Government Arts College, 625106 MelurMaduraiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Chemical Engineering, College of EngineeringKyung Hee UniversityGyeonggiSouth Korea

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