Advertisement

Dielectronic recombination rate coefficients of initially rubidium-like tungsten

  • Zhongwen WuEmail author
  • Yizhao Zhang
  • Yanbiao Fu
  • Andrey Surzhykov
  • Stephan Fritzsche
  • Chenzhong Dong
Regular Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Issue: Elementary Processes with Atoms and Molecules in Isolated and Aggregated States

Abstract

Ab initio calculations of dielectronic recombination (DR) rate coefficients of initially rubidium-like W37+ ions have been performed for the electron temperatures from 1 eV to 5 × 104 eV, by using the Flexible Atomic Code based on the relativistic configuration-interaction method. Special attention has been paid to the partial contributions to total DR rate coefficients as associated with the excitation of individual subshells. A detailed comparison of the calculations shows that the excitation from 4p subshell dominates total DR rate coefficients followed by the excitations from 4s and 4d subshells, while the contribution of excitations from 3l(l = s, p, d) subshells becomes important only at high temperatures. Besides, it is found that the electron excitations associated with △n = 0,1 dominate at low-temperature plasmas, however, the excitations associated with △n ≥ 2 become non-negligible at high-temperature ones.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Electron Temperature Partial Contribution International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor Dielectronic Recombination Radiative Decay Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Reader, Phys. Scr. T 134, 014023 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Naujoks, K. Asmussen, M. Bessenrodt-Weberpals, S. Deschka, R. Dux, W. Engelhardt, A.R. Field, G. Fussmann, J.C. Fuchs, C. Garcia-Rosales, S. Hirsch, P. Ignacz, G. Lieder, K.F. Mast, R. Neu, R. Radtke, J. Roth, U. Wenzel, Nucl. Fusion 36, 671 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. Rohde, M. Balden, T. Lunt, the ASDEX Upgrade Team, Phys. Scr. T 138, 014024 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. Riccardo, M. Firdaouss, E. Joffrin, G. Matthews, Ph. Mertens, V. Thompson, E. Villedieu, Phys. Scr. T 138, 014033 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.L. Reinke, P. Beiersdorfer, N.T. Howard, E.W. Magee, Y. Podpaly, J.E. Rice, J.L. Terry, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 10D736 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Causey, K. Wilson, T. Venhaus, W.R. Wampler, J. Nucl. Mater. 266-269, 467 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Aymar, P. Barabaschi, Y. Shimomura, Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 44, 519 (2002)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Neu, R. Dux, A. Kallenbach, T. Pütterich, M. Balden, J.C. Fuchs, A. Herrmann, C.F. Maggi, M. O’Mullane, R. Pugno, I. Radivojevic, V. Rohde, A.C.C. Sips, W. Suttrop, A. Whiteford, the ASDEX Upgrade team, Nucl. Fusion 45, 209 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C.H. Skinner, Can. J. Phys. 86, 285 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A.E. Kramida, T. Shirai, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 95, 305 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A.E. Kramida, T. Shirai, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 95, 1051 (2009) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Kramida, Can. J. Phys. 89, 551 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Clementson, P. Beiersdorfer, G.V. Brown, M.F. Gu, H. Lundberg, Y. Podpaly, E. Träbert, Can. J. Phys. 89, 571 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Neill, C. Harris, A.S. Safronova, S. Hamasha, S. Hansen, U.I. Safronova, P. Beiersdorfer, Can. J. Phys. 82, 931 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    N.J. Peacock, M.G. O’Mullane, R. Barnsley, M Tarbutt, Can. J. Phys. 86, 277 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Hinnov, M. Mattioli, Phys. Lett. A 66, 109 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Neu, K.B. Fournier, D. Schlögl, J. Rice, J. Phys. B 30, 5057 (1997) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.B. Utter, P. Beiersdorfer, E. Träbert, Can. J. Phys. 80, 1503 (2002) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu. Ralchenko, J. Reader, J.M. Pomeroy, J.N. Tan, J.D. Gillaspy, J. Phys. B 40, 3861 (2007) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Clementson, P. Beiersdorfer, M.F. Gu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 012505 (2010) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Yanagibayashi, T. Nakano, A. Iwamae, H. Kubo, M. Hasuo, K. Itami, J. Phys. B 43, 144013 (2010) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K.B. Fournier, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 68, 1 (1998)CrossRefADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yu. Ralchenko, I.N. Draganić, D. Osin, J.D. Gillaspy, J. Reader, Phys. Rev. A 83, 032517 (2011) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    U.I. Safronova, A.S. Safronova, P. Beiersdorfer, Phys. Rev. A 86, 042510 (2012) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    U.I. Safronova, A.S. Safronova, P. Beiersdorfer, Phys. Rev. A 87, 032508 (2013) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    U.I. Safronova, A.S. Safronova, P. Beiersdorfer, Phys. Rev. A 88, 032512 (2013) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Stenke, K. Aichele, D. Harthiramani, G. Hofmann, M. Steidl, R. Volpel, E. Salzborn, J. Phys. B 28, 2711 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    C.P. Ballance, D.C. Griffin, J. Phys. B 39, 3617 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    C.P. Ballance, D.C. Griffin, J. Phys. B 40, 247 (2007)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M.B. Trzhaskovskaya, V.K. Nikulin, R.E.H. Clark, At. Data Nucl. Dat Tables 94, 71 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M.B. Trzhaskovskaya, V.K. Nikulin, At. Data Nucl. Dat Tables 99, 249 (2013)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    L.Y. Xie, X.Y. Ma, C.Z. Dong, Z.W. Wu, Y.L. Shi, J. Jiang, J. Quantum. Spectrosc. Radiat. Trans. 141, 31 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Peleg, E. Behar, P. Mandelbaum, J.L. Schwob, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3493 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    E. Behar, P. Mandelbaum, J.L. Schwob, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2787 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    F.C. Meng, C.Y. Chen, Y.S. Wang, Y.M. Zou, J. Quantum. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 109, 2000 (2008) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    C.P. Ballance, S.D. Loch, M.S. Pindzola, D.C. Griffin, J. Phys. B 43, 205201 (2010) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    U.I. Safronova, A.S. Safronova, P. Beiersdorfer, Phys. Rev. A 86, 042510 (2012) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    V.A. Dzuba, V.V. Flambaum, G.F. Gribakin, C. Harabati, Phys. Rev. A 86, 022714 (2012) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    S. Schippers, D. Bernhardt, A. Müller, C. Krantz, M. Grieser, R. Repnow, A. Wolf, M. Lestinsky, M. Hahn, O. Novotný, D.W. Savin, Phys. Rev. A 83, 012711 (2011) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    N.R. Badnell, C.P. Ballance, D.C. Griffin, M. O’Mullane, Phys. Rev. A 85, 052716 (2012) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    K. Spruck, N.R. Badnell, C. Krantz, O. Novotný, A. Becker, D. Bernhardt, M. Grieser, M. Hahn, R. Repnow, D.W. Savin, A. Wolf, A. Müller, S. Schippers, Phys. Rev. A 90, 032715 (2014) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    N.R. Badnell, M.G. O’Mullane, H.P. Summers, Z. Altun, M.A. Bautista, J. Colgan, T.W. Gorczyca, D.M. Mitnik, M.S. Pindzola, O. Zatsarinny, A&A 406, 1151 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    H.P. Summers, The ADAS User Manual, v2.6 (2004)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    T. Pütterich, R. Neu, C. Biedermann, R. Radtke, ASDEX Upgrade Team, J. Phys. B 38, 3071 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    T. Pütterich, R. Neu, R. Dux, A.D. Whiteford, M.G. O’Mullane, the ASDEX Upgrade Team, Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 50, 085016 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    T. Pütterich, R. Neu, R. Dux, A.D. Whiteford, M.G. O’Mullane, H.P. Summers, the ASDEX Upgrade Team, Nucl. Fusion 50, 025012 (2010)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    R. Dux, A. Janzer, T. Pütterich, ASDEX Upgrade Team, Nucl. Fusion 51, 053002 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    A. Burgess, Astrophys. J. 139, 776 (1964) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. Burgess, Astrophys. J. 141, 1588 (1965) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    A. Burgess, H.P. Summers, MNRAS 174, 345 (1976) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    V.A. Dzuba, V.V. Flambaum, G.F. Gribakin, C. Harabati, M.G. Kozlov, Phys. Rev. A 88, 062713 (2013) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    B.W. Li, G. O’Sullivan, Y.B. Fu, C.Z. Dong, Phys. Rev. A 85, 052706 (2012) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    X.Z. Ma, Y.B. Fu, M.J. Li, G.D. Zhang, Y.Z. Zhang, C.Z. Dong, Nucl. Phys. Rev. 30, 214 (2013)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    M.J. Li, Y.B. Fu, M.G. Su, C.Z. Dong, K. Fumihiro, Plasma Sci. Technol. 16, 182 (2014)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    C. Krantz, K. Spruck, N.R. Badnell, A. Becker, D. Bernhardt, M. Grieser, M. Hahn, O. Novotný, R. Repnow, D.W. Savin, A. Wolf, A. Müller, S. Schippers, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 488, 012051 (2014) ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    M.F. Gu, Astrophys. J. 590, 1131 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    M.F. Gu, Can. J. Phys. 86, 675 (2008)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    F.A. Parpia, C.F. Fischer, I.P. Grant, Comput. Phys. Commun. 94, 249 (1996)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    S. Fritzsche, Comput. Phys. Commun. 183, 1525 (2012) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    H. Zhang, Y.M. Li, J. Yan, J.G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 71, 042705 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Y.B. Fu, C.Z. Dong, M.G. Su, F. Koike, G. O’Sullivan, J.G. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 83, 062708 (2011) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    R.E.H. Clark, D.H. Reiter, Nuclear Fusion Research (Springer, New York, 2005)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    M.G. O’Mullane, private communication. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhongwen Wu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yizhao Zhang
    • 1
  • Yanbiao Fu
    • 1
  • Andrey Surzhykov
    • 2
  • Stephan Fritzsche
    • 2
    • 3
  • Chenzhong Dong
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular Physics & Functional Materials of Gansu Province, College of Physics and Electronic EngineeringNorthwest Normal UniversityLanzhouP.R. China
  2. 2.Helmholtz-Institut JenaJenaGermany
  3. 3.Theoretisch-Physikalisches InstitutFriedrich-Schiller-Universität JenaJenaGermany

Personalised recommendations