Application of laser-produced extended plasma plumes for generation and characterization of the high-order harmonics of 64 fs pulses
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Harmonics with the photon energy of up to ~150 eV were studied using extended ablation plumes as the nonlinear media. The application of the ablation pulses of different duration covering the range between a few tens of femtoseconds and a few tens of nanoseconds revealed the advanced features of the extended plasmas produced by the subnanosecond pulses for efficient harmonic generation. The examples of the quasi-phase-matching of a group of harmonics in the plateau range and the advantages of using the two-color pump and cluster-containing plasmas are presented. We analyze the spatial and coherence characteristics of the high-order harmonics produced during propagation of the 64 fs pulse through the extended plasma plume produced by 370 ps pulses. It is shown that the divergence of plasma harmonics in the plateau range is 7 times smaller than the divergence of the driving radiation used for high-order harmonic generation. The measurements of the coherence properties of the lower-order harmonics showed that the visibility of interference fringes in the far field was in the range of 0.54–0.73.
KeywordsHarmonic Generation Plasma Plume Plasma Formation Heating Pulse Harmonic Spectrum