Energy thresholds for dissociation channels of positronic alkali-metal hydrides, [XH;e+] (X = Li, Na, and K), to XH + e+(positron dissociation), XH+ + Ps (positronium dissociation), and X+ + [H−;e+] (positronic hydride ion dissociation) have been calculated using quantum Monte Carlo and high-level ab initio molecular orbital methods, and including quantum zero-point vibrational energy of all of the particles. As the atomic number of X increases from Li to K, the dissociation energy to XH + e+ increases because the dipole moment of XH increases with the atomic number of X, while the dissociation energy to XH+ + Ps decreases. The energy threshold for the ionic dissociation to X+ + [H−;e+] is also reduced, and we obtain 0.975 (3) eV, 0.573 (12) eV, and 0.472 (19) eV for [LiH;e+], [NaH;e+], and [KH;e+], respectively, for this channel. Our results strongly support the conclusion that, among these three channels, the lowest energy dissociation for [XH;e+] is the pathway to X+ + [H−;e+], where X = Li, Na, and K.
Dissociation Energy Dissociation Channel Quantum Monte Carlo Variational Monte Carlo Lower Energy Dissociation
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