Observation of new near infrared emission band systems of small bismuth clusters in solid neon matrix
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Laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy was applied to small bismuth clusters embedded in a solid neon matrix at 3 K. Near infrared (NIR) optical emission spectra were recorded in a range of 6200–11 600 cm-1 by an excitation with 1.79 eV photons using a pulsed dye laser system. Three new NIR band systems were identified by their origin bands at 8207, 9625 and 11 395 cm-1. Each of the NIR systems exhibited the vibrational progression with a common lower state frequency at 151 cm-1. Temporal decay profiles for selected NIR emission bands showed upper state lifetimes on the order of a hundred of microseconds, explainable by the transition between mixed spin states. Low-lying electronic states for small bismuth clusters, Bi n (n = 2 − 4), are discussed along the theory and experiment reported so far.
KeywordsBismuth Laser Induce Fluorescence Band System Optical Emission Spectrum Satellite Band
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