Generation of a wave packet tailored to efficient free space excitation of a single atom

  • A. Golla
  • B. Chalopin
  • M. Bader
  • I. Harder
  • K. Mantel
  • R. Maiwald
  • N. Lindlein
  • M. Sondermann
  • G. Leuchs
Regular Article

Abstract

We demonstrate the generation of an optical dipole wave suitable for the process of efficiently coupling single quanta of light and matter in free space. We employ a parabolic mirror for the conversion of a transverse beam mode to a focused dipole wave and show the required spatial and temporal shaping of the mode incident onto the mirror. The results include a proof of principle correction of the parabolic mirror’s aberrations. For the application of exciting an atom with a single photon pulse, we demonstrate the creation of a suitable temporal pulse envelope. We infer coupling strengths of 89% and success probabilities of up to 87% for the application of exciting a single atom for the current experimental parameters.

Keywords

Quantum Optics 

References

  1. 1.
    M.D. Lukin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. Hammerer, A.S. Sørensen, E.S. Polzik, Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1041 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.M. Raimond, M. Brune, S. Haroche, Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 565 (2001)MathSciNetADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Walther, B.T.H. Varcoe, B.G. Englert, T. Becker, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1325 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H.J. Kimble, Phys. Scr. T76, 127 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Rempe, Contemp. Phys. 34, 119 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.I. Cirac, P. Zoller, H.J. Kimble, H. Mabuchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3221 (1997) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.J. Briegel, W. Dür, J.I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. Dür, H.J. Briegel, J.I. Cirac, P. Zoller, Phys. Rev. A 59, 169 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C.W. Gardiner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1917 (1986) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Wrigge, I. Gerhardt, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, V. Sandoghdar, Nat. Phys. 4, 60 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.N. Vamivakas, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, S.T. Yilmaz, A. Badolato, A.K. Swan, B.B. Goldberg, A. Imamoglu, M.S. Ünlü, Nano Lett. 7, 2892 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.K. Tey, Z. Chen, S.A. Aljunid, B. Chng, F. Huber, G. Maslennikov, C. Kurtsiefer, Nat. Phys. 4, 924 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L. Slodička, G. Hétet, S. Gerber, M. Hennrich, R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153604 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.A. Aljunid, M.K. Tey, B. Chng, T. Liew, G. Maslennikov, V. Scarani, C. Kurtsiefer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 153601 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Pototschnig, Y. Chassagneux, J. Hwang, G. Zumofen, A. Renn, V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063001 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Kochan, H.J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. A 50, 1700 (1994) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S.J. van Enk, H.J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 63, 023809 (2001) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S.J. van Enk, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043813 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Zumofen, N.M. Mojarad, V. Sandoghdar, M. Agio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 180404 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.K. Tey, G. Maslennikov, T.C.H. Liew, S.A. Aljunid, F. Huber, B. Chng, Z. Chen, V. Scarani, C. Kurtsiefer, New J. Phys. 11, 043011 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glöckl, G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    N. Lindlein, R. Maiwald, H. Konermann, M. Sondermann, U. Peschel, G. Leuchs, Laser Phys. 17, 927 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Sondermann, R. Maiwald, H. Konermann, N. Lindlein, U. Peschel, G. Leuchs, Appl. Phys. B 89, 489 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Pinotsi, A. Imamoglu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093603 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Stobinska, G. Alber, G. Leuchs, Europhys. Lett. 86, 14007 (2009),ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Y. Wang, J. Minráˇ, L. Sheridan, V. Scarani, Phys. Rev. A 83, 063842 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    N. Piro, F. Rohde, C. Schuck, M. Almendros, J. Huwer, J. Ghosh, A. Haase, M. Hennrich, F. Dubin, J. Eschner, Nat. Phys. 7, 17 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    D.J. Wineland, W.M. Itano, J.C. Bergquist, Opt. Lett. 12, 389 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. Zibrov, M. Lukin, Nature 438, 837 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J.F. Chen, S. Zhang, H. Yan, M.M.T. Loy, G.K.L. Wong, S. Du, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 183604 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    A. Kalachev, Phys. Rev. A 81, 043809 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Haase, N. Piro, J. Eschner, M.W. Mitchell, Opt. Lett. 34, 55 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    A. Kuhn, M. Hennrich, G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 067901 (2002) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    M. Keller, B. Lange, K. Hayasaka, W. Lange, H. Walther, Nature 431, 1075 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J. McKeever, A. Boca, A. Boozer, R. Miller, J. Buck, A. Kuzmich, H.J. Kimble, Science 303, 1992 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. Bochmann, M. Mücke, G. Langfahl-Klabes, C. Erbel, B. Weber, H.P. Specht, D.L. Moehring, G. Rempe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 223601 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    P. Kolchin, C. Belthangady, S. Du, G.Y. Yin, S.E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 103601 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    L. Olislager, J. Cussey, A.T. Nguyen, P. Emplit, S. Massar, J.M. Merolla, K.P. Huy, Phys. Rev. A 82, 013804 (2010) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    R.W. Berends, E.H. Pinnington, B. Guo, Q. Ji, J. Phys. B 26, L701 (1993) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Z.G. Zhang, Z.S. Li, S. Svanberg, P. Palmeri, P. Quinet, E. Biemont, Eur. Phys. J. D 15, 301 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    M. Sondermann, N. Lindlein, G. Leuchs, arXiv:0811.2098 [physics.optics] (2008)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, E. Hasman, Opt. Lett. 27, 285 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Z. Ghadyani, I. Vartiainen, I. Harder, W. Iff, A. Berger, N. Lindlein, M. Kuittinen, Appl. Opt. 50, 2451 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    M. Stalder, M. Schadt, Opt. Lett. 21, 1948 (1996) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon, E. Hasman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    S. Tidwell, D. Ford, W. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 29, 2234 (1990) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    S. Tidwell, G. Kim, W. Kimura, Appl. Opt. 32, 5222 (1993) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    R. Dorn, S. Quabis, G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    S. Quabis, R. Dorn, G. Leuchs, Appl. Phys. B 81, 597 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    B. Schaefer, E. Collett, R. Smyth, D. Barrett, B. Fraher, Am. J. Phys. 75, 163 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    G. Leuchs, K. Mantel, A. Berger, H. Konermann, M. Sondermann, U. Peschel, N. Lindlein, J. Schwider, Appl. Opt. 47, 5570 (2008) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    A. Drechsler, M. Lieb, C. Debus, A. Meixner, G. Tarrach, Opt. Express 9, 637 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    J. Stadler, C. Stanciu, C. Stupperich, A.J. Meixner, Opt. Lett. 33, 681 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    R. Maiwald, D. Leibfried, J. Britton, J.C. Bergquist, G. Leuchs, D.J. Wineland, Nat. Phys. 5, 551 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of optics, 6th edn. (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1991)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    B. Richards, E. Wolf, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A, Math. Phys. Sci. 253, 358 (1959)ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    D.Y. Smith, E. Shiles, M. Inokuti, in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, edited by E.D. Palik (Elsevier, 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 369–406Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    V. Weisskopf, E. Wigner, Z. Phys. 63, 54 (1930)ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    J. Migdalek, J. Phys. B 13, L169 (1980) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    L. Jin, Y. Niu, S. Gong, Phys. Rev. A 83, 023410 (2011) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Golla
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Chalopin
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Bader
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. Harder
    • 2
  • K. Mantel
    • 2
  • R. Maiwald
    • 1
    • 2
  • N. Lindlein
    • 1
  • M. Sondermann
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. Leuchs
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Optics, Information and PhotonicsUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for the Science of LightErlangenGermany
  3. 3.Laboratoire Collisions Agrégats Réactivité, UMR5589Université Paul SabatierToulouse Cedex 09France

Personalised recommendations