The European Physical Journal D

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 109–114 | Cite as

Modelling heavy-ion energy deposition in extended media

  • I. MishustinEmail author
  • I. PshenichnovEmail author
  • W. Greiner
Topical issue on Molecular level assessments of radiation biodamage


We present recent developments of the Monte Carlo model for heavy-ion therapy (MCHIT), which is currently based on the Geant4 toolkit of version 9.2. The major advancement of the model concerns the modelling of violent fragmentation reactions by means of the Fermi break-up model, which is used to simulate decays of hot fragments created after the first stage of nucleus-nucleus collisions. By means of MCHIT we study the dose distributions from therapeutic beams of carbon nuclei in tissue-like materials, like water and PMMA. The contributions to the total dose from primary beam nuclei and from charged secondary fragments produced in nuclear fragmentation reactions are calculated. The build-up of secondary fragments along the beam axis is calculated and compared with available experimental data. Finally, we demonstrate the impact of violent multifragment decays on energy distributions of secondary neutrons produced by carbon nuclei in water.


PMMA Bragg Peak Fragmentation Reaction Carbon Nucleus Primary Nucleus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Frankfurt Institute for Advanced StudiesJ.-W. Goethe UniversityFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Kurchatov Institute, Russian Research CenterMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of ScienceMoscowRussia

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